Monthly Archives: March 2017

Why is violence against American Indian women so high?

American Indian Women

When you hear about violence against women, the commonly used statistics are 1 in 2 have experienced physical violence in their lifetime while 1 in 6 have experienced rape or attempted rape, according to the Department of Justice and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For indigenous women, the numbers are even more staggering. More than 60% of American Indian and Alaska Native women have been physically assaulted and 1 in 3 have experienced rape or attempted rape in their lifetime. Nearly all (97%) of these women have experienced at least one act of violence committed by a non-Indian, according to the DoJ’s National Institute of Justice.

Yet for decades, tribes did not have jurisdiction to punish non-Indians due to the 1978 Supreme Court case Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe.

“You had this void where women were victims of rape and violence by non-Indian men,” said Chrissi Nimmo, assistant attorney general for the Cherokee Nation. “No one was willing or able to prosecute them, leading to very high crime rates.”

In an attempt to fight this, the Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction Statute was added to the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) when it was renewed in 2013. The statute grants tribes jurisdiction over non-Indians in instances of domestic violence, dating violence or violations of protection orders that occur within Indian Country if the victim identifies as American Indian and the non-Indian perpetrator works, lives or has an intimate relationship on tribal lands.

The U.S. Department of Justice, which oversees VAWA, said the tribal provisions addressed “significant legal gaps.” But it hasn’t been a silver bullet for justice.

The statute went into effect two years ago this month, yet only 13 of the 562 federally recognized tribes in the U.S. have become voluntarily compliant with its federal regulations, according to the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI).

The slow adoption rate can be attributed in part to regulations, such as providing court appointed council to defendants who cannot afford it at the tribe’s expense, a challenge for tribes with little money. The VAWA reauthorization appropriated $5 million annually to be distributed to assist tribes from 2014 to 2018; in fiscal year 2016, $2.5 million was appropriated.

Tribes must also have juries that are selected from a “fair cross-section” of the public, meaning they cannot exclude non-Indians. While this was practiced by some tribes even prior to the VAWA reauthorization, for others it means changing tribal law. The latter is the case for Cherokee Nation, which has otherwise met the regulations.

“We still have to pass legislation to include non-Indians on our jury,” Nimmo said. “How do we, as an Indian tribe, want to open up our court system to non-Indians? It’s always been Cherokees. How do we carve out this special seating? I don’t have a timeline but to say that we are working on it.”

Many in the tribal community cite the federal government’s concern over whether non-Indians will receive a fair trial in Indian Country as a barrier to full jurisdiction, though legal professionals like Nimmo believe the statute could ease those concerns before it again comes up for reauthorization in 2018.

“If tribes can show through VAWA that they do have a fair court system and non-Indian defendants can get fair trials in tribal court, the hope is that one day tribes can prosecute any non-Indian defendant that commits any crime on Indian Country.”

Though the statute gives participating tribes more jurisdictional authority, that power remains limited in cases of sexual assault against an Indian woman by a non-Indian that occurs outside of an intimate partner relationship.

According to The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation tribal attorney Brent Leonhard, the statute also does not allow tribes to prosecute some crimes seen in conjunction with domestic violence, including when children are victimized.

“Governments have a moral obligation to ensure the safety of their citizens and residents,” Leonhard said. “Tribal nations are no different. However, a government cannot ensure public safety if it is forced to be dependent on foreign governments to prosecute crimes.”

These major crimes would be handled predominantly by the FBI and U.S. Attorney’s offices.

“The law was tailored specifically to address issues of domestic violence involving spouses or intimate partners, giving the ability to local tribal law enforcement to address acts violence before they escalate to more serious crimes,” said DoJ spokesman Wyn Hornbuckle. “Under the Major Crimes Act and other federal statutes, rape, sexual assault, child molestation, and human trafficking involving non-Indians and Indians alike are prosecutable in federal court.”

“U.S. Attorney’s offices often work in partnership with tribal prosecutors and investigators to determine the best path for prosecuting and deterring crime on reservations,” he said.

According to a 2010 report by the U.S. Government Accountability Office, tribal governments referred 2,594 sexual abuse related cases to U.S. Attorneys’ offices between 2005 and 2009. Approximately 67% were declined for prosecution. Tribes also referred 2,922 assault-related cases, in which 46% were declined for prosecution. The report states that this may be the result of “weak or insufficient admissible evidence, no federal offense evidence and witness problems.”

Some tribal members point to these numbers as evidence that greater justice is needed for American Indian victims.

“The federal government doesn’t have to take cases,” said Sharon Jones Hayden, a tribal prosecutor that has worked closely with the Tulalip Tribes, one of those that has complied with the statute’s regulations since its initial pilot testing. “It’s up to their discretion. The choice may not be between tribal court, state court or federal court. The choice may be between tribal court and no court at all.”

For Umatilla member Taryn Minthorn, it was tribal court that brought her a sense of closure.

After months of verbal abuse, things turned physical at the hands of her former boyfriend in September 2016. Minthorn said that tribal police responded  and the case was referred to the federal government, which ultimately declined it.

“I felt like I was seriously let down,” Minthorn said. “I felt like he could do all the crime in the world, and it was just a slap on the hand. I just wanted to give up.”

She chose to pursue the case in tribal court.

Earlier this month, her former boyfriend pleaded guilty. His sentence includes two years of incarceration, three years of probation, abstaining from drugs and alcohol, submitting to “anger management/batterers intervention” treatment and obeying a no contact order, according to court documents.

Though Minthorn and her children, who were witnesses, still suffer from anxiety and attend counseling, they are moving on.

“To hear him saying that he was pleading to these charges, I literally felt the load come off of me, off my shoulders, off my mind, off my heart,” Minthorn said. “It’s important for future generations to know that eventually there is justice.”

Brittney Bennett , USA TODAY

The Myth Of The Lone Wolf Terrorist

No Lone Wolf

There is no such thing as a “Lone Wolf Terrorist” family, friends and supports are all complicit in their crimes. Khalid Masood was not alone.

Los Angeles Daily News, editorial:

“On Wednesday, a vehicle ran down pedestrians on the London Westminster Bridge before crashing into a railing outside Parliament. The attacker then attempted to make his way (inside), stabbing a British police officer along the way, before being shot by other officers. The officer died, along with the attacker and (several) pedestrians on the bridge. At least 40 were injured. … These ‘lone wolf’ terrorist incidents are increasing in frequency. But these attackers are hardly alone. Regardless of the attacker’s religion, or whether affiliated with an official terrorist organization, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria continues to leave its mark. … While world leaders consider next steps, it remains imperative to take the fight to groups like ISIS that inspire hate and violence — but we also must commit ourselves to not allow our way of life to be ruled by fear.”

PARENT ALERT: When ‘safe spaces’ turn violent

Safe Spaces Dale Yeager Blog

At Middlebury College last week, Charles Murray needed a safe space — literally.

In a significant escalation of the campus speech wars, protesters hooted down the conservative scholar in a lecture hall and then roughed up a Middlebury faculty member escorting him to a car.

The Middlebury administration commendably tried to do the right thing and stand by Murray’s right to be heard, but was overwhelmed by a yowling mob with all the manners and intellectual openness of a gang of British soccer hooligans.

Sometime soon, we may yearn for the days when college students were merely childish and closed-minded. If campus protests of speech begin to more routinely slide into violence, Middlebury will be remembered as a watershed.

First, there was the target. Charles Murray is controversial — mainly for his book, “The Bell Curve,” about IQ — but he is one of the most significant social scientists of our age.

He is employed by the prestigious conservative think tank the American Enterprise Institute, and his books are highly influential and widely reviewed.

His latest, which was to be the topic of his Middlebury talk, is “Coming Apart,” a bestselling account of the struggles of the white working class that illuminated some of the social forces behind the rise of Donald Trump.

No one is bound to accept any of Murray’s ideas, but they are inarguably worth engaging. He exists in a different universe than Milo Yiannopoulis, the alt-right provocateur infamous for saying or doing anything to try to get infamous. That Middlebury protesters can’t tell the difference between the two shows that their endeavor to know or understand nothing outside their comfort zone has been a smashing success.

Second, there was the venue. No one has ever mistaken Middlebury, a small Vermont liberal-arts college founded by Congregationalists, for Berkeley. It doesn’t have a reputation as a hotbed and training ground for rabble-rousers, and yet has given us one of the most appalling episodes of anti-speech thuggery in recent memory.

If it can happen at Middlebury, it can happen anywhere (or at least at Swarthmore or Bucknell).

Finally, there was the violence. The students who brought in Charles Murray framed the evening as “an invitation to argue,” and in that spirit asked Professor Allison Stanger, a Democrat in good standing, to serve as Murray’s interlocutor. When chanting students commandeered the lecture hall, Stanger and Murray repaired to another room for a livestreamed discussion.

Protesters found the room and pounded on the windows and pulled fire alarms. When Murray and Stanger exited at the end of the livestream and headed for their getaway car, protesters assailed them. They shoved and grabbed Stanger, who was shaken up and later went to the hospital, and pounded on the car and tried to obstruct it.

Stanger wrote afterward that she “feared for my life.”And for what offense? Talking to someone who thinks differently than the average Middlebury faculty member or student.

Political correctness has been a phenomenon on campuses since the 1980s, but now has become much more feral. The root of the phenomenon is the idea that unwelcome speech is tantamount to a physical threat against offended listeners.

If this is true, it follows that dissenting speech needs to be shunned (in safe spaces) and attacked (in protests). Shutting down a speaker and literally running him off campus is, from this warped perspective, an entirely justifiable defensive action.

Of course, speech doesn’t threaten anyone. The appropriate response to an erroneous argument is counter-argument. And the free exchange of ideas always allows for the possibility that someone will actually learn something.

If campuses aren’t to sink further into their current miasma of illiberalism, administrators will have to actively fight the tide of suppression. It’s not enough to say the right things about free speech, they have to punish thuggish student agitators. Otherwise, college campuses may become increasingly unsafe spaces for anyone departing from a coercive orthodoxy.

By Rich Lowry

Title IX: Sometimes a “Victim” Isn’t One

Title-IX Dale Yeager Blog


How colleges muddy the waters on sexual-assault accusations

“Was I raped?” This is the question Yale sophomore Ayla Besemer spends several thousand words exploring in a recent issue of her school’s newspaper.

The story: Besemer got very drunk one night during her freshman year. She brought home a guy she knew but doesn’t remember anything that happened next. She woke up with a bruise on her thigh and a used condom on her floor. Yale requires an “affirmative consent” for sexual activity to be considered truly consensual, but Besemer acknowledges she may well have said yes. She blacked out, meaning she might still have been “fully operational — talking, laughing, drinking more and, indeed, having sex as if [she were only] minimally drunk.”

There are clearly some women out there who are deeply confused about what it means to be raped, and they are, in many cases, being misled by the adults around them.

As Stuart Taylor and KC Johnson document in their new book, “The Campus Rape Frenzy,” the Title IX coordinators, whose jobs on campus often involve digging up rape allegations or helping to gather evidence to adjudicate them, encourage young, impressionable women to call every incident of regrettable drunken sex “rape.”

But it would be wrong to suggest that these women are all just confused about sex and sexual assault. Many of them know perfectly well what they have done and are using the system to make excuses for their behavior or even to manipulate the men around them.

Take Nikki Yovino, the 18-year-old Sacred Heart University student who has been charged with falsely claiming she was sexually assaulted by two football players because she didn’t want to lose the interest of another guy. Yovino is a reminder that even in our age of gender enlightenment, women know enough about human nature to get what they want from men.

That was certainly the conclusion from the elaborate hoax perpetrated by “Jackie” at the University of Virginia a couple of years ago. She not only made up a rape allegation, she made up the assailant in order to get another guy jealous.

Columbia graduate Emma Sulkowicz, a k a “Mattress Girl,” accused a fellow student of rape. But the school exonerated him and Sulkowicz declined to press charges. She managed to turn herself into a celebrity and even get course credit in performance art for carrying a mattress around campus. (All while the accusations were destroying the life of the guy who claims she was attacking him after he rebuffed her professed love for him.)

In a case at Appalachian State University, a woman accused two football players of rape even though witnesses saw her inviting them into her room. At Amherst, a woman actually texted a residential adviser about her “stupid” decision to have sex with her roommate’s boyfriend before she accused him of rape. The student was expelled, but is suing Amherst for violating his rights. Last month, a judge seemed sympathetic to his claim against the school.

And then there are the times that seem a bit more clear-cut. A University of Michigan student, for example, allegedly used a rape accusation to explain certain things to her mother, who was upset after reading diary entries about her daughter’s wild life on campus.

Women actually used to employ such tactics more regularly. A pregnancy was not so easily avoided, ended or hidden. And, well, folks used to be bigger sticklers for marital fidelity. So having sex with the wrong guy meant women had some explaining to do.

But these days, the reasons for falsely claiming rape have much more to do with the campus soap opera and the sexual politics of one’s peer group than any concern that families will disown you or church communities will banish you.

And the false claims — both on campus and off — are much more prevalent than the media would have you believe. A 2012 Urban Institute report found that of 227 men convicted of rape, 15 percent of them could be eliminated by DNA evidence alone. A study of 351 cases in a Southeastern police department found that 17 percent of the allegations were fabricated and another 66 percent were uncertain.

Though we may not always treat them as such, female college students are adults. It’s true that in many cases, bureaucrats have manipulated them into believing that they were raped when by any reasonable standard, they weren’t. Besemer’s counselor and Yale’s Title IX coordinator told her that her experience could definitely be considered assault.

But we also shouldn’t discount the notion that many of these women knew exactly what they were doing. When you decide to ruin a man’s life and reputation in order to cover up your own mistakes or get what you want from others, you’re not a victim — you’re a sociopath.

By Naomi Schaefer Riley

Never Forget…The 164 Souls

Freedom Cuba

The victims of Ché Guevara

A list of Ché Guevara’s victims documented at (H/T Emanaciones):

Executed by Ché in the Sierra Maestra during the battle against Batista (1957-1958 )

1. Aristio-10-57
2.Manuel Capitán – 1957
3. Juan Chang – 9-57
4. “Bisco” Echevarría Martínez – 8-57
5. Eutimio Guerra – 2-18-57
6. Dionisio Lebrigio – 9-57
7. Juan Lebrigio – 9-57
8. El ” Negro ” Napoles– 2-18-57
9. “Chicho ” Osorio – 1-17-57
10. An unidentified teacher (“El Maestro”) – 9-57
11-12. Two brothers, spies from the group belonging to Masferrer -9-57
13-14 Two unidentified peasants -4-57

Executed or ordered to be executed by Che during his brief command in Santa Clara (1-3 of January, 1959).

1. Ramón Alba – 1-3-59**
2. José Barroso– 1-59
3. Joaquín Casillas Lumpuy – 1-2-59**
4. Félix Cruz – 1-1-59
5. Alejandro García Olayón – 1-31-59**
6. Héctor Mirabal – 1-59
7. J. Mirabal- 1-59
8. Felix Montano – 1-59
9. Cornelio Rojas – 1-7-59**
10. Vilalla – 1-59
11. Domingo Alvarez Martínez 1-4-59**
12. Cano del Prieto -1-7-59**
13. José Fernández Martínez-1-2-59**
14. José Grizel Segura-1-7-59** (Manacas)
15. Arturo Pérez Pérez-1-24-59**
16. Ricardo Rodríguez Pérez-1-11-59**
17. Francisco Rosell -1-11-59**
18. Ignacio Rosell Leyva -1-11-59**
19. Antonio Ruíz Beltrán -1-11-59**
20. Ramón Santos García-1-12-59**
21. Pedro SocarrásS-1-12-59**
22. Manuel Valdés – 1-59
23. Tace José Veláquez -12-59**
** Che signed the death warrant before leaving Santa Clara.

Documented executions that took place in “La Cabaña” prison while under the command of Ché (3 of January through the 26 of November, 1959).

1. Vilau Abreu – 7-3-59
2. Humberto Aguiar – 1959
3. Garmán Aguirre – 1959
4. Pelayo Alayón – 2-59
5. José Luis Alfaro Sierra – 7-1-59
6. Pedro Alfaro – 7-25-59
7. Mriano Alonso – 7-1-59
8. José Alvaro – 3-1-59
9. Alvaro Anguieira Suárez – 1-4-59
10. Aniella – 1959
11. Mario Ares Polo– 1-2-59
12. José Ramón Bacallao – 12-23-59**
13. Severino Barrios – 12-9-59**
14. Eugenio Bécquer – 9-29-59
15. Francisco Bécquer – 7-2-59
16. Ramón Biscet– 7-5-59
17. Roberto Calzadilla – 1959
18. Eufemio Cano – 4-59
19. Juan Capote Fiallo – 5-1-59
20. Antonio Carralero – 2-4-59
21. Gertrudis Castellanos – 5-7-59
22. José Castaño Quevedo – 3-6-59.
23. Raúl Castaño – 5-30-59
24. Eufemio Chala – 12-16-59**
25. José Chamace – 10-15-59
26. José Chamizo – 3-59
27. Raúl Clausell – 1-28-59
28. Angel Clausell – 1-18-59
29. Demetrio Clausell – 1-2-59
30. José Clausell-1-29-59
31. Eloy Contreras– 1-18-59
32. Alberto Corbo – 12-7-59**
33. Emilio Cruz Pérez – 12-7-59**
34. Orestes Cruz – 1959
35. Adalberto Cuevas – 7-2-59**
36. Cuni – 1959
37. Antonio de Beche – 1-5-59
38. Mateo Delgado-12-4-59
39. Armando Delgado – 1-29-59
40. Ramón Despaigne – 1959
41. José Díaz Cabezas 7-30-59
42. Fidel Díaz Marquina – 4-9-59
43. Antonio Duarte – 7-2-59
44. Ramón Fernández Ojeda – 5-29-59
45. Rudy Fernández – 7-30-59
46. Ferrán Alfonso – 1-12-59
47. Salvador Ferrero – 6-29-59
48. Victor Figueredo – 1-59
49. Eduardo Forte – 3-20-59
50. Ugarde Galán – 1959
51. Rafael García Muñiz – 1-20-59
52. Adalberto García 6-6-59
53. Alberto García – 6-6-59
54. Jacinto García – 9-8-59
55. Evelio Gaspar – 12-4-59**
56. Armada Gil y Diez y Diez Cabezas- 12-4-59**
57. José González Malagón – 7-2-59
58. Evaristo Benerio González – 11-14-59
59. Ezequiel González-59
60. Secundino González – 1959
61. Ricardo Luis Grao – 2-3-59
62. Ricardo José Grau – 7-59
63. Oscar Guerra – 3-9-59
64. Julián Hernádez -2-9-59
65. Francisco Hernández Leyva – 4-15-59
66. Antonio Hernández – 2-14-59
67. Gerardo Hernández – 7-26-59
68. Olegario Hernández – 4-23-59
69. Secundino Hernández – 1-59
70. Rodolfo Hernández Falcón – 1-9-59
71. Raúl Herrera -2-18-59
72. Jesús Insua-7-30-59
73. Enrique Izquierdo- 7-3—59
74. Silvino Junco – 11-15-59
75. Enrique La Rosa- 1959
76. Bonifacio Lasaparla- 1959
77. Jesús Lazo Otaño -1959
78. Ariel Lima Lago – 8-1-59- (Menor)
79. René López Vidal -7-3-59
80. Armando Mas – 2-17-59
81. Ornelio Mata- 1-30-59
82. Evelio Mata Rodriguez- 2-8-59
83. Elpidio Mederos -1-9-59
84. José Medina -5-17-59
85. José Mesa 7-23-59
86. Fidel Mesquía Díaz 7-11-59
87. Juan Manuel Milián – 1959
88. Jose Milián Pérez – 4-3-59
89. Francisco Mirabal – 5-29-59
90. Luis Mirabal – 1959
91. Ernesto Morales – 1959
92. Pedro Morejón – 3-59
93. Carlos Muñoz M.D.- 1959
94. César Nicolardes Rojas- 1-7-59
95. Víctor Nicolardes Rojas- 1-7-59
96. José Nuñez – 3-59
97. Viterbo O’Reilly – 2-27-59
98. Félix Oviedo – 7-21-59
99. Manuel Paneque – 8-16-59
100. Pedro Pedroso – 12-1-59**
101. Diego Pérez Cuesta – 1959
102. Juan Pérez Hernández – 5-29-59
103. Diego Pérez Crela – 4-3-59
104. José Pozo – 1-59
105. Emilio Puebla – 4-30-59
106. Alfredo Pupo – 5-29-59
107. Secundino Ramírez – 4-2-59
108. Ramón Ramos – 4-23-59
109. Pablo Ravelo Jr. – 9-15-59
110. Rubén Rey Alberola – 2-27-59
111. Mario Risquelme – 1-29-59
112. Fernando Rivera – 10-8-59
113. Pablo Rivero- 5-59
114. Manuel Rodríguez – 3-1-59
115. Marcos Rodríguez -7-31-59
116. Nemesio Rodríguez – 7-30-59
117. Pablo Rodriguez – 10-1-59
118. Ricardo Rodriguez – 5-29-59
119. Olegario Rodriguez Fernández-4-23-59
120. José Saldara – 11-9-59
121. Pedro Santana – 2-59
122. Sergio Sierra – 1-9-59
123. Juan Silva – 8-59
124. Fausto Silva – 1-29-59
125. Elpidio Soler- 11-8-59
126. Jseús Sosa Blanco – 2-8-59
127. Renato Sosa- 6-28-59
128. Sergio Sosa – 8-20-59
129. Pedro Soto – 3-20-59
130. Oscar Suárez – 4-30-59
131. Rafael Tarrago – 2-18-59
132. Teodoro Tellez Cisneros- 1-3-59
133. Francisco Tellez-1-3-59
134. José Tin- 1-12-59
135. Francisco Travieso -1959
136. Leonrardo Trujillo – 2-27-59
137. Trujillo – 1959
138. Lupe Valdéz Barbosa – 3-22-59
139. Marcelino Valdéz – 7-21-59
140. Antonio Valentín – 3-22-59
141. Manuel Vázquez-3-22-59
142. Sergio Vázquez-5-29-59
143. Verdecia – 1959
144. Dámaso Zayas -7-23-59
145. José Alvarado -4-22-59
146. Leonoardo Baró- 1-12-59
147. Raúl Concepción Lima – 1959
148. Eladio Caro – 1-4-59
149. Carpintor – 1959
150. Carlos Corvo Martíenz – 1959
151. Juan Guillermo Cossío – 1959
152. Corporal Ortega – 7-11-59
153. Juan Manuel Prieto – 1959
154. Antonio Valdéz Mena – 5-11-59
155. Esteban Lastra – 1-59
156. Juan Felipe Cruz Serafín-6-59**
157. Bonifacio Grasso – 7-59
158. Feliciano Almenares – 12-8-59
159. Antonio Blanco Navarro – 12-10-59**
160. Albeto Carola – 6-5-59
161. Evaristo Guerra- 2-8-59
162. Cristobal Martínez – 1-16-59
163. Pedro Rodríguez – 1-10-59
164. Francisco Trujillo- 2-18-59

What Should POTUS Do With Cuba? Let’s Start With This List Of Cop Killers

Cop Killers Cuba

Here are some of the most notorious Americans who have been reported as possibly hiding in the island nation just 90 miles off the coast.

1.     Joanne Chesimard

Joanne Chesimard has been living in Cuba under the name Assata Shakur since 1984. She was a member of the Black Liberation Army in 1973 when she shot and killed Trooper Werner Foerster during a traffic stop. She was convicted in 1977 and escaped prison two years later.

Chesimard, who is became the first woman on the FBI’s Most Wanted list last year, hid in a series of safe houses in New Jersey and Pennsylvania before fleeing to Cuba. Anyone who helps bring Chesimard, now 66, into custody stands to get $2 million in rewards, according to the FBI.

2. Guillermo Morales

A bomb maker who fought for Puerto Rican independence is one of the American fugitives who has been living in Havana.

Guillermo “William” Morales was sentenced to 99 years in prison after being linked to two explosions in New York City — one in 1975 that killed four and injured 60, and a second in 1977 that killed one, The New York Post reported.

Morales escaped from the prison ward of Bellevue Hospital in 1979 and, though he was reportedly held in a Mexican prison for several years in relation to a different crime, he fled to Cuba after his release in 1988.

“The U.S. press looks at me one way, but the press in Puerto Rico looks at me in a positive way because I’m a person that defends their homeland,” he told The Post in 1999.

4. Charlie Hill

Like Chesimard, who was publicly praised by Fidel Castro, not all of the fugitives are trying to hide their whereabouts.

Charlie Hill is wanted by New Mexico officials after he allegedly killed a state trooper and hijacked a plane in 1971.

Hill, a native of Illinois, spoke to The New York Times in 2007 and discussed what he thought would happen to him if his longtime protector, Castro, died.

“I don’t think there will be much change if Fidel dies,” Hill told The Times in 2007. “There might be, but I think it’s 60-40 that not much will happen. If it does, well, what can I do?”

5. Nehanda Abiodun.

She’s been living in Cuba since 1990. U.S. law enforcement believes she helped Shakur, who was convicted in the killing of a New Jersey state trooper, to escape from prison in 1979.

Abiodun is often called the “godmother” of Cuban hip-hop, Latner says, She became an adviser for Cuban youth who were becoming hip-hop artists. She has served as a bridge between Afro-Cuban and American hip-hop artists.

6. William Lee Brent.

Brent, a Black Panther Party member who had been excommunicated, hijacked TWA flight 154 from Oakland to Havana in 1969. He was imprisoned in Cuba for 22 months as a suspected spy, but upon his release he went on to work at a pig farm and a soap factory before getting a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Havana. He died in Cuba in 2006.

7. Guillermo Morales.

A member of a militant Puerto Rican separatist movement, Morales escaped from a hospital in New York while under police custody. He has admitted he was planting a bomb at a New York military installation when the bomb blew up, taking nearly all his fingers. He was facing 89 years in prison when he escaped. He is still believed to be living in Cuba.

8. William Potts.

One of the last hijackers and another Black Panther Party militant, Potts became known somewhat mockingly as “the homesick hijacker.” Potts diverted a commercial flight from New York City to Cuba in 1984, hoping to go on to South Africa to join the anti-apartheid movement. He was imprisoned for 13 years and then lived as a political exile.  In 2013, he returned to the United States and earlier this year pleaded guilty to kidnapping. He is now in prison and eligible for parole in 2021.

SERAPH CEO Dale Yeager Keynote Speaker at 2017 ACAMS ACFE FIRMA Joint Conference

The conference sponsored by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists and The Fiduciary and Investment Risk Management Association will focus on Fraud, Money Laundering and Risk Management within the financial sectors was held on February 28th.

Mr. Yeager spoke on “Leadership vs. Management“.

Dale Yeager Profiler SERAPH
Dale Yeager Profiler SERAPH


Why can 12-year-olds still get married in the United States?

Child Brides
Child Brides

We preach against child-marriage abroad. But thousands of American children are wed annually.

Fraidy Reiss is founder and executive director of Unchained At Last, a nonprofit that helps women and girls escape arranged and forced marriages and works to end child marriage in the United States

Michelle DeMello walked into the clerk’s office in Colorado thinking for sure someone would save her.

She was 16 and pregnant. Her Christian community in Green Mountain Falls was pressuring her family to marry her off to her 19-year-old boyfriend. She didn’t think she had the right to say no to the marriage after the mess she felt she’d made. “I could be the example of the shining whore in town, or I could be what everybody wanted me to be at that moment and save my family a lot of honor,” DeMello said. She assumed that the clerk would refuse to approve the marriage. The law wouldn’t allow a minor to marry, right?

Wrong, as DeMello, now 42, learned.

While most states set 18 as the minimum marriage age, exceptions in every state allow children younger than 18 to marry, typically with parental consent or judicial approval. How much younger? Laws in 27 states do not specify an age below which a child cannot marry.

Unchained At Last, a nonprofit I founded to help women resist or escape forced marriage in the United States, spent the past year collecting marriage license data from 2000 to 2010, the most recent year for which most states were able to provide information. We learned that in 38 states, more than 167,000 children — almost all of them girls, some as young 12 — were married during that period, mostly to men 18 or older. Twelve states and the District of Columbia were unable to provide information on how many children had married there in that decade. Based on the correlation we identified between state population and child marriage, we estimated that the total number of children wed in America between 2000 and 2010 was nearly 248,000.

Why Fraidy Reiss founded Unchained At Last

Fraidy Reiss is founder and executive director of Unchained At Last, a nonprofit that helps women and girls escape arranged and forced marriages and works to end child marriage in the United States (Courtesy of Unchained At Last)

Despite these alarming numbers, and despite the documented consequences of early marriages, including negative effects on health and education and an increased likelihood of domestic violence, some state lawmakers have resisted passing legislation to end child marriage — because they wrongly fear that such measures might unlawfully stifle religious freedom or because they cling to the notion that marriage is the best solution for a teen pregnancy.

In this way, U.S. lawmakers are strongly at odds with U.S. foreign policy. The U.S. Global Strategy to Empower Adolescent Girls, released last year by the State Department, lists reducing child, early and forced marriage as a key goal. The strategy includes harsh words about marriage before 18, declaring it a “human rights abuse” that “produces devastating repercussions for a girl’s life, effectively ending her childhood” by forcing her “into adulthood and motherhood before she is physically and mentally mature.” The State Department pointed to the developing world, where 1 in 3 girls is married by age 18, and 1 in 9 is married by 15.

While the numbers at home are nowhere near that dire, they are alarming. Many of the children married between 2000 and 2010 were wed to adults significantly older than they were, the data shows. At least 31 percent were married to a spouse age 21 or older. (The actual number is probably higher, as some states did not provide spousal ages.) Some children were married at an age, or with a spousal age difference, that constitutes statutory rape under their state’s laws. In Idaho, for example, someone 18 or older who has sex with a child under 16 can be charged with a felony and imprisoned for up to 25 years. Yet data from Idaho — which had the highest rate of child marriage of the states that provided data — shows that some 55 girls under 16 were married to men 18 or older between 2000 and 2010.

Many of the states that provided data included categories such as “14 and younger,” without specifying exactly how much younger some brides and grooms were. Thus, the 12-year-olds we found in Alaska, Louisiana and South Carolina’s data might not have been the youngest children wed in America between 2000 and 2010. Also, the data we collected did not account for children wed in religious-only ceremonies or taken overseas to be married, situations that we at Unchained often see.

Most states did not provide identifying information about the children, but Unchained has seen child marriage in nearly every American culture and religion, including Christian, Jewish, Muslim and secular communities. We have seen it in families who have been in America for generations and immigrant families from all over the world. In my experience, parents who marry off their minor children often are motivated by cultural or religious traditions; a desire to control their child’s behavior or sexuality; money (a bride price or dowry); or immigration-related reasons (for instance, when a child sponsors a foreign spouse). And, of course, many minors marry of their own volition — even though in most realms of life, our laws do not allow children to make such high-stakes adult decisions.

Parental control over her sexuality was why Sara Siddiqui, 36, was married at 15. Her father discovered that she had a boyfriend from a different cultural background and told her she’d be “damned forever” if she lost her virginity outside of marriage, even though she was still a virgin. He arranged her Islamic wedding to a stranger, 13 years her senior, in less than one day; her civil marriage in Nevada followed when she was 16 and six months pregnant. “I couldn’t even drive yet when I was handed over to this man,” said Siddiqui, who was trapped in her marriage for 10 years. “I wasn’t ready to take care of myself, and I was thrown into taking care of a husband and being a mother.”

Minors such as Siddiqui can easily be forced into marriage or forced to stay in a marriage. Adults being pressured in this way have options, including access to domestic-violence shelters. But a child who leaves home is considered a runaway; the police try to return her to her family and could even charge our organization criminally if we were to get involved. Most domestic-violence shelters do not accept minors, and youth shelters typically notify parents that their children are there. Child-protective services are usually not a solution, either: Caseworkers point out that preventing legal marriages is not in their mandate.

Those fleeing a forced marriage often have complex legal needs, but for children, obtaining legal representation is extremely difficult. Even if they can afford to pay attorney’s fees, contracts with children, including retainer agreements, generally can be voided by the child, making them undesirable clients to lawyers. Further, children typically are not allowed to file legal actions in their own names.

Regardless of whether the union was the child’s or the parents’ idea, marriage before 18 has catastrophic, lifelong effects on a girl, undermining her health, education and economic opportunities while increasing her risk of experiencing violence.

Women who marry at 18 or younger face a 23 percent higher risk of heart attack, diabetes, cancer and stroke than do women who marry between ages 19 and 25, partly because early marriage can lead to added stress and forfeited education. Women who wed before 18 also are at increased risk of developing various psychiatric disorders, even when controlling for socio-demographic factors.

American girls who marry before 19 are 50 percent more likely than their unmarried peers to drop out of high school and four times less likely to graduate from college. A girl who marries young is 31 percentage points more likely to live in poverty when she is older, a striking figure that appears to be unrelated to preexisting differences in such girls. And, according to a global study, women who marry before 18 are three times more likely to be beaten by their spouses than women who wed at 21 or older.

Ending child marriage should be simple. Every state can pass the legislation I’ve helped write to eliminate exceptions that allow marriage before age 18 — or set the marriage age higher than 18, in states where the age of majority is higher. New Jersey is the closest state to doing this, with a bill advancing in the legislature that would end all marriage before 18. Massachusetts recently introduced a similar bill.

But when Virginia passed a bill last year to end child marriage, legislators added an exception for emancipated minors as young as 16, even though the devastating effects of marriage before 18 do not disappear when a girl is emancipated. Bills introduced last year in New York and Maryland languished and eventually died, though Maryland’s was just reintroduced. Other states have not acted at all. “Some of my colleagues were stuck in an old-school way of thinking: A girl gets pregnant, she needs to get married,” said Maryland Del. Vanessa Atterbeary, who introduced the bill to end child marriage in her state.

Only nine states still allow pregnancy exceptions to the marriage age, as such exceptions have been used to cover up rape and to force girls to marry their rapists. Consider Sherry Johnson of Florida, who said she was raped repeatedly as a child and was pregnant by 11, at which time her mother forced her to marry her 20-year-old rapist under Florida’s pregnancy exception in the 1970s.

Additionally, teenage mothers who marry and divorce are more likely to experience economic deprivation and instability than those who do not. If the father wants to co-parent, he can establish paternity and provide insurance and other benefits to the baby without getting married.

Legislators should remember that pregnant teenage girls are at increased risk of forced marriage. They need more protection, not less.

Nor does ending child marriage illegally infringe on religious rights. The Supreme Court has upheld laws that incidentally forbid an act required by religion, if the laws do not specifically target religious practice. Besides, most religions tend to describe marriage as an important union between two willing partners. That sounds nothing like child marriage, which is often forced and which has close to a 70 percent chance of ending in divorce. “There was a concern that we would be offending certain cultures within our society,” said New York Assemblywoman Amy Paulin, who introduced an unsuccessful bill last year to end child marriage in her state. “So instead of seeing this as an abuse of young women, [some legislators] were seeing this as something we needed to protect for certain cultures.”

Betsy Layman, 37, shares Paulin’s goal. Layman was 27 when she escaped the marriage that had been arranged for her in her Orthodox Jewish community in New York when she was 17, to a man she had known for 45 minutes. Even after she fled with her three children, the repercussions of her marriage continued to plague her. She was a single mother with a high school equivalency certificate, no work experience and no money for child care. The temporary and part-time jobs she managed to get couldn’t cover the bills.

“I was on Section 8, Medicaid and food stamps,” Layman said. “There were times there just was not enough food for dinner.” When the electric company shut off her power for nonpayment, she would light candles around the house and tell her children there was a blackout. Only when her youngest child reached school age was she able to find full-time employment and gain some stability.

“Legislators have the power to prevent what happened to me from happening to another 17-year-old girl,” Layman said. “I beg you to end child marriage.”

CAMPUS ALERT: Professors & Staff Arrested for Trading in Child Rape

Child porn
Child porn

When a University of North Dakota professor was arrested on child pornography charges, The Dakota Student asked “We can’t help but wonder if this type of thing is common in other schools around the nation?” The answer is yes. A concerning number professors and staff have been arrested for trading in brutal child sex abuse, including of infants. From University of Virginia’s Assistant Dean, Michael Morris downloading infant anal rape to Kirk Nesset, professor at Allegheny College with over 500,000 videos/images including folders called “kidsfuck,” too many professors and staff are involved in child sex trafficking.

For the past few years I have been monitoring reports of professors and staff arrested for trading in child rape and torture; aka child pornography. My research, which is far from comprehensive, details 89 professors and staff arrested on child rape and torture, aka child porn, charges. Both the volume and type of crime should raise alarm bells. Yet academic institutions remain silent. Protect the institution, not the children, appears to be the rallying cry at far too many higher education institutions.

As you read these accounts of arrests, please remember these are real children being raped and tortured in these videos and images. American children. Perhaps, even a child you know and have no idea how that child is suffering. It might even be your own child.

Every time an image or video is shared, that child is trafficked again.

Professors, Deans and Presidents

Mark Ranzenberger

Mark Ranzenberger, a 61 year old professor of journalism at Central Michigan University (CMU), was arrested and charged, 20 May 2016, and pleaded guilty, 27 September 2016, to one federal count of child pornography possession and four (of which three were dropped in a plea deal) state counts of first-degree criminal sexual conduct for repeatedly raping a girl younger than 13 over a 7 year period.

On 19 January 2017, Ranzenberger was sentenced in federal court to 14 years in prison followed by 5 years of supervised release. On 26 January 2017, he was sentenced to 14 to 45 years in prison in Michigan State’s Isabella County Court to be served concurrently with his federal sentencing. He remained in custody pending sentencing.

Ranzenberger was caught when he mistakenly showed child pornography to his students. A student reported the crime, triggering university police to open an investigation. At the time of his arrest, Ranzenberger was in possession of over 1,000 images/videos of child sex abuse, including the rape of infants. He also had a “grooming” document instructing pedophiles how to manipulate children from birth to age 11 “to participate in sexual acts.”

The girl whom Ranzenberger raped for years, testified at his sentencing calling him a “psychopath, monster.” She said “He’s smooth, charming, and manipulative… He was able to hide the monster he was in every word he spoke. His coworkers and family didn’t know he was a child molester.” The victim described Ranzenberger as “a slug of man” and “a pathological liar.”Ranzenberger’s blogsite and Twitter accounts are still live.

Henry Kamen

Henry Kamen, an 80 year old Spanish history professor, was indicted, 14 February 2017, on federal child pornography charges.

Kamen was, most recently, a visiting professor at the University of Chicago. Previously, he was at University of Wisconsin — Madison.

Kamen is being investigated by the Georgia Bureau of Investigation’s Child Exploitation and Computer Crimes Unit. Information regarding Kamen can be provided to Pamela Lightsey (478–621–2603) in the United States Attorney’s Office.

Christopher DeZutter, a chemistry professor at the University of Minnesota,

Christopher DeZutter Criminal Complaint

was arrested, 12 September 2016, for the second time on four new counts of child pornography possession. He was sentenced, 27 February 2016, to four years in jail. DeZutter was first arrested, 5 February 2015, and charged with ten possession and one distribution child pornography counts.

Christopher DeZutter

Despite the volume and type of child rape and torture, including infant rape, DeZutter was trading in he was sentenced, 16 September 2015, to only 4 months in jail with five years probation. He was free, for the first conviction, on conditional release, without monetary surety, until his sentencing.

Christopher DeZutter Criminal Complaint

DeZutter told investigators he had been trading in child sex abuse images/videos since 1996. Investigators said his University of Minnesota laptop was “full” of child sex abuse files. Investigators said DeZutter told them, upon his arrest, “You are not going find a lot of this at home. I do most of this at the office.” The university barred DeZutter from campus and placed him on paid leave. He was terminated, for cause, on 13 February 2015.

Justin Carroll, 67 year old Associate Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs and interim athletic director at Washington University, was indicted, 30 January 2017, on one federal charge of access with intent to view child pornography.

Justin Carroll

Carroll had been using university computers to trade in child rape with the handle “MOperv.” His twitter account was @WashUDeanoFun.

Carroll was trading in the rape and torture of boys between three and six years. He had videos of children as young as three years old forced to handle adult erect penises and subjected to anal rape. One video was called “boybending,”

Justin Carroll’s Criminal Complaint

a how-to guide for child sex abuse and grooming, “the art of remotely directing a boy on webcam, through typing text and displaying videos, to achieve a desired pose or behavior.” Carroll submitted his resignation after his arrest. He had been at the university for 36 years.

Matthew McEnany, 60 year old President of Keiser University, was caught,

Matthew McEnany

August 2015, by police attempting to solicit three girls, as young as 13 years old, for sexin exchange for money, food, clothes and cigarettes. He also asked the children to produce child pornography for him. Daytona Beach Police Chief Mike Chitwood asked the State Attorney to bring criminal charges against McEnany. Prosecutors refused to bring charges. McEnany was caught when two of the girls and an older man and car-jacked McEnany when he showed up for a meeting for sex with the children. McEnany is no longer employed by the university.

Christopher Haas, a 60 year old history professor at Villanova University, was found dead, of suicide, on 28 January 2017, two day prior to starting a 20 month prison sentence with ten years of supervised release for child pornography charges. Haas was arrested, March 2016, and charged with 415 child sexual exploitation related charges. Delaware County charges were dropped after federal sentencing.

Christopher Haas

Haas was caught, by university IT staff, using a Villanova computer to search for child rape. At the time of his arrest he had more than 400 images of child sexual exploitation on his computer. Haas had been under Homeland Securityinvestigation in 2012 for child pornography crimes on his home computer. It is not clear why he was not arrested in 2012.

In September 2016, Haas pleaded guilty to one count of accessing the internet with the intent to view child-exploitation images and was sentenced in December 2016. Upon Haas’ arrest Villanova released the following statement: “The university is horrified by the behavior of this individual and has relieved the faculty member of his teaching duties. He is not permitted to return to campus. The university has an unwavering commitment to a safe campus for all community members, and illegal, offensive and dangerous behaviors will not be tolerated.”

John Patrick Shannon, a 44 year old Dean of the Levin College of Law

John Patrick Shannon

University of Florida, was arrested, in 2006, on child sex abuse related charges. Local media reported his arrest was part of a child sex abuse/trafficking ring.

Shannon was sentenced, November 2007, on two counts of child abuse to house arrest for two years and eight years of probation. He had been allowed to enter no-contest plea. Shannon was ordered to forfeit his law license but was not required to register as a sex offender. He was caught by police “engaging in Internet chat or online messaging where he encouraged another person to engage in the exploitation of a child” and offered people, on-line, advice about how to drug children for rape. The university allowed Shannon to resign, July 2006, after law enforcement searched his home.

Holt Parker

Holt Parker, a 59 year old classics professor at the University of Cincinnati, was arrested, 15 March 2016, on one count of distribution and receipt of child pornography as well as destruction or removal of property to prevent seizure. He pleaded guilty, 29 August 2016, to one count of possession of child pornography and was free on bail pending sentencing. On 26 January 2017, he was sentenced to four years in prison followed by 15 years of supervised release.

Parker told investigators he traded child rape almost “every day” for the past five or six years. He used the email “” to trade in child pornography. Parker “bragged about having sex with an 8-year-old girl” and responded to the rape of a 4 year old child with “love that,” “show me,” “please!” He collected “thousands” of images/videos of child rape and torture including of an infant. Parker’s Ph.D. is from Yale. He published on sexuality, slavery and sadism.

Charles Jones, a 59 year old professor at Union College, was arrested, 22 January 2017, on child pornography charges. Jones was charged with

Charles Jones

distribution and possession of child pornography and indicted, 24 February 2017. Police were notified when child sex abuse images were found on a college printer, in 2014, that Jones used. Hundreds of images of child sex abuse were located on Jones’ computer. At the time of this writing, Jones remains in custody pending sentencing.

Mark Manion

Mark Manion, a 51 year old philosophy professor who taught ethics at Drexel University, was arrested, 28 October 2010, on child porn charges. He pleaded guilty, 13 January 2010, to possession of child pornography and criminal use of a communication facility, or computer. Manion was caught by information technology staff when he asked IT staff to remove a virus on his computer. At the time of his arrest, he had over 800 child sex abuse images. Manion had made hundreds of visits to child-porn sites. Manion was sentenced to seven years probation and no jail time. He is a registered sex offender.

Michael Wilson, a 46 year old professor at the College of William and Mary,

Michael Wilson

was arrested, February 2016, on four felony counts of child porn possession. He pleaded guilty to all four counts on 2 November 2016. On 1 March 2017, he was sentenced to three and half years in jail followed by 20 years of supervised release.

Wilson said he had been trading in pornography for 35 years. He is the second William and Mary professor arrested on child sex abuse charges.

Justin Bradley May, a 34 year old economics professor at William and Mary,

Justin Bradley May

was arrested, July 2010, on child pornography production. He pleaded guilty on 18 October 2010 and was sentenced, 3 February 2011, to 15 years in jailfollowed by 10 years of supervised release. The prosecuting attorney said, “It is shocking that a college professor manipulated a young girl for his own sexual gratification. This case is a wake-up call to parents and kids alike that the face of evil is often the ordinary and the familiar, including people in positions of trust.” He was producing child pornography on his college computer.

Kenneth Martin Kyle, a 47 year old Assistant Professor of Justice Studies at California State East Bay, was arrested, 15 March 2010, with one count each child pornography possession and child exploitation. Later, he was also

Kenneth Martin Kyle

charged with charged with statutory rape and sodomy and one count of child pornography transportation. He pleaded guilty, March 2012, and was sentenced to just over 37 years in jail. He had pleaded not guilty in April 2010. In October 2013, a federal appeals court set aside Kyle’s guilty plea and on remand, 30 December 2015, Kyle pleaded guilty to one count of aggravated sexual abuse with children and was sentenced

Kenneth Martin Kyle’s Amended Judgement

to 30 years in jail concurrent with a sentence imposed in Missouri’s circuit court.

Kenneth Martin Kyle’s Amended Judgement

Kyle’s on-line name was “cruelsob.”

At the time of his arrest he had “hundreds” of child rape images/videos on his home computer. Kyle traveled, almost monthly, to St. Louis to rape a 5 month old baby until the infant was 13 months when Kyle was caught. He produced child pornography of himself raping the baby. The infant was offered by the child’s mother, Tessa VanVlerah. St. Louis police arrested, VanVlerah, a college student, at her parents’ home in Ballwin. Kyle had met VanVlerah on-line. VanVlerah was sentenced to life in prison. The university allowed Kyle to resign.

Adam Cobb, a 48 year old professor and director of the Mahan Advanced

Adam Cobb

Research Project at Naval War College, was arrested, 3 April 2015, on child porn distribution charges. He pleaded guilty, 24 February 2015, and was sentenced, 13 February 2017, to five years in jail followed by 10 years of supervised release. Cobb was caught when he uploaded child sex abuse images to Tumblr. Cobb has been in custody since December of 2015, when he violated terms of his pre-trial release and the court revoked his $1,000,000 surety bond release.

Robert Berardo, a 56 year adjunct professor at Middlesex County College,

Robert Berardo

Raritan Valley College and formerly at Monmouth University and girls’ softball coach, was arrested, September 2016, and charged with one count each of endangering a child due to distribution possession and intent to distribute child pornography. He was held on $110,000 bail.

J. Martin Favor, a 49 year old English professor and former chair of the African-American Studies Department at Dartmouth College, was arrested, 3 September 2015, on five felony child pornography charges. All five state charges were dropped in a deal when Favor pleaded guilty, 31 March 2016, to one federal count child pornography possession.

J. Martin Favor

Upon his arrest he had more than 500 videos and 300 imagesof child rape, including of infants and toddlers. His user name on Tumblr, where he was trading in child rape, was “lustyjourney.” He had been trading in child rape for 15 years.

Despite his arrest for crimes against children, Dartmouth University retained Favor on faculty and continued to pay him until his July 2016 sentencing. He was prohibited from campus. On 11 July 2016 Martin was sentenced to five and half years in jail and six/seven years of supervised release.

Walter Korte

Walter Korte, a 72 year old film professor at the University of Virginia, was arrested, 2 August 2016, and charged, by the university’s police department, with two counts of child pornography possession. He was indicted, 5 December 2016,to two counts of child porn possession. Korte’s sentencing is currently set for May 2017. Korteis, at least, the second recent child porn arrest of a UVA professor. UVA’s Assistant Dean, Michael Morris, was arrested in 2013 on similar charges.

Michael Morris, a 50 year old Assistant Dean at University of Virginia (UVA) and father of two teenage daughters, was arrested and charged, 6 November 2013, on child porn charges. Morris was an “ultimate” member of Gigatribe.

Micheal Morris Sentencing Memorandum

Michael Morris

Gigatribe is a peer-to-peer (P2P) program he used to trade PTHC “pre-teen hard core” brutal torture of children under 12 years old. His on-line name was “funshooter2006.” At the time of his arrest, he was caught with 4,000 images/videos of child sex abuse including the abuse of toddlers.

He was indicted on two counts of distributing or receiving child porn and one count of possessing child porn. He pleaded guilty to all three charges on 21 April 2014 and was sentenced, 14 July 2014, to 8.8 years in federal jail and 20 years supervised release.

Michael Morris’ Criminal Complaint

Micheal Morris Sentencing Memorandum

For the past five years Morris posed as a teenage boy or girl, and got 14 to 16 year old girls to perform sex acts for him live-streamed via web cameras. He had been trading in child sex rape and torture for 15 years.

Micheal Morris Sentencing Memorandum

In the few months he was under investigation, he accessed, more than 192 times, child sex abuse from his home and UVA computer. UVA suspended Morris pending investigation. He later resigned.

Larry Nassar, a 53 year old medical professor at Michigan State University and a former USA Gymnastics doctor, was arrested, 16 December 2016, and

Larry Nasser

charged with two federal counts of receipt/attempted receipt and one count of child pornography possession. He was also charged, in Michigan district court, with three counts of criminal sexual conduct with a six year old child. He has been held without bail pending sentencing. At the time of his arrest, Nasser was in possession of at least 37,000 images/videos of child sex abuse.

More than 60 women and/or girls have come forward with allegations of sexually assault by Nassar and more than 20 women are currently suing Nassar. Allegations include reports that a Michigan State University (MSU) employee ignored reports of sexual abuse against Nasser made in the 1990s and attempted to prevent victims from coming forward. MSU is now the subject of at least three lawsuits by Nassar’s victims. A lawyer for the victims has said that Michigan State University police should not be allowed to remain as lead investigate, as they are not impartial, given the allegations of a cover-up. Michigan State University terminated Nassar’s employment and the State of Michigan revoked his medical license.

Jason Kahler, a 41 year old Saginaw Valley State University English professor, was arrested, August 2016, on child pornography charges. He was suspended without pay and barred from campus.

Kahler was caught by the FBI’s Operation Pacifier when they seized control of a child rape website called Playpen. He has been free on bond pending sentencing. His next court date was set for 17 January 2017. Kahler is the second SVSU professor arrested on child porn charges.

Robert Thaler, a 71 year old sociology professor at Saginaw Valley State University, was arrested and charged, June 2013, with nine counts of possession of child sexually abusive material. Students were, reportedly, shocked. He was trading in child sex abuse on his university computer.

Statement from Saginaw Valley State University

In a deal, Thaler pleaded guilty and, in exchange for his plea, he will not serve any jail time. He was sentenced, 24 February 2014, to five years probation. Thaler had been free on $18,000 bond pending sentencing.

Upon his arrest, the university placed Thaler on unpaid suspension and banned him from campus. He had been a professor at SVSU since 1974 and has been allowed to retire with full benefits.

Massimiliano (Max) Bonamente, a 46 year old physics professor at the

Max Bonamente

University of Alabama, was arrested, 10 February 2017, and charged with two counts of sexual abuse of a child under 12 years old. Bonamente was held on a $60,000 bond. The charges were later dropped. Bonamente remains a professor, teaching, at University of Alabama.

Brian Meadows, a retired 76 year old professor at University of Cincinnati, was arrested, 4 November 2016, on two counts of illegal use of a minor in nudity-oriented material and three counts of voyeurism.

Brian Meadows

Meadows had set up a hidden camera in the locker rooms at Cincinnati Sports Club, a health club he belonged to, in order to film “children in the nude” and “using the restroom.” He is free on bond pending his next court date.

Alyssa Azotea, a 37 year old Simmons College psychology professor was arrested, 28 August 2015,

Alyssa Azotea

on four felony counts of child pornography and three misdemeanor counts of endangering the welfare of a child. All the charges were dropped and the case was closed on 12 November 2015.

She, and her boyfriend, had been discussing molesting a five year old child. She told her boyfriend “he should allow himself to become aroused by young girls that he sees in public and that he should then report back to her.” Simmons College had placed Azotea on paid leave.

James Quinn, a 59 year old criminology professor at University of North Texas (UNT), was arrested, May 2015, on child porn charges.

James Quinn

Quinn was arraigned, 20 August 2015, on nine felony child porn counts. Quinn resigned from the university on 4 June 2015after his May arrest. He was free on bond.

Another UNT professor, Alan Marchard, had been arrested, by campus police, on child porn charges in 2003. Marchard had been using his university computer to trade in child rape. UNT would not comment on whether Quinn was doing the same. Marchard pleaded guilty, August 2004, to four counts of child porn possession and received six years of probation with no jail time. UNT had placed Marchard on paid leave. He later resigned. Marchard is a registered sex offender.

Kevin Sullivan, a 60 year old epidemiology professor at Emory University,was arrested, 15 June 2015, on child pornography charges and arraigned

Kevin Sullivan

on 12 August 2015. He was sentenced, 1 March 2017, to six years and six months in jailfollowed by seven years of supervised release.

Sullivan was trading in child rape, including children as young as four years old, from university networks. At the time of his arrest, he had over 8,000 images/videos of child rape. Emory University’s Information Technology Department assisted law enforcement in the investigation.

James Cavalcoli, a 51 year old bioinformatics professor at the University of Michigan, was arrested, 7 August 2015, when he attempted to meet an

James Cavalcoli

undercover police officer who was pretending to be a father offering his son for sex abuse. He had traveled from Michigan to Florida with the intention of raping a child. Cavalcoli had posted, at least twice, online requests to meet fathers offering their children for rape when he traveled to Indiana and Ireland. He was sentenced, 30 March 2016, to ten years in prison followed by five years of supervised release. The university placed Cavalcoli on an unpaid leave and terminated his employment upon his sentencing. Cavalcoli is the third University of Michigan employee to be arrested on child sex abuse charges. Steven Germinder, profiled under the Staff Section of this article, a finance employee at University of Michigan, was also arrested on child porn charges.

Stephen Jenson, a pediatric oncologist at University of Michigan, was arrested, December 2011, and sentenced, March 2013 to three years in federal prison on one count of child porn possession. The original four counts of possessing child sexually abusive material, brought by the state were dropped in lieu of federal charges.

Stephen Jenson

Jenson left his thumb drive plugged in a computer in the Pediatric Emergency Department. A female residentfound the memory stick and discovered child rape which she reported. University of Michigan’s lawyers said her “concerns” were “unfounded” and refused to contact law enforcement. Six months later the incident was “re-reported” and police were notified. Jenson continued to have access to children in the pediatric unit during the delay.

Robert Beattie, 56 year old University of North Dakota’s Chair of the Family

Robert Beattie

and Community Medicine Department, was arrested, 6 August 2015, for possession of hundreds of child rape files on his office computer. At the time of his arrest he had 3,233 images and 100 videos of child rape and torture including of infants and toddlers. The prosecutor said, “These images are not of a naked child frolicking in a field… really horrific acts.”

Beattie was originally charged with 10 child pornography counts at the state level. These were all dropped in lieu of a plea deal, when Beattie pleaded guilty to federal charges of one count of possession and one count of distribution. He was sentenced, July 2016, to 12 years in prison and ten years of supervised release. Upon his arrest, the university placed Beattie on paid leave and later terminated his employment. He is the third UND employeearrested on child pornography charges. The arrest of Paul Bradley Meagher, a campus police officer, is listed in the Staff Section of this article.

Eric Hewitt Basile, a 37 year old aviation professor at University of North

Eric Basile

Dakota, was arrested, 7 September 2016, and charged with eight felony child porn charges. He was arrested by university police and had been using his university computer to trade in the rape of children between the ages of one and three years old. State charges were dropped, in lieu of one federal count of child porn receipt and distribution and three counts of child pornography possession. Basile’s trial is currently set for April 2017.

Richard Kelly, a 56 year old father of a two year old and a pediatric endocrinologist at Boston Children’s Hospital and pediatrics instructor at Harvard Medical School, was arrested, 13 September 2012, on child porn charges. He pleaded guilty, November 2013, to three charges of receiving

Richard Kelly

and possessing child pornography and was sentenced, 12 March 2014, to six and half years in federal prison followed by five and half years of supervised release.

Kelly had been the Medical Director at Phillips Academy for 19 years before suddenly resigning. He was receiving child sex abuse DVDs at Phillips Academy. Kelly possessed over 100 DVDs of child sex abuse at the time of his arrest.

Christopher Pelloski

Christopher Pelloski, a 42 year old Director of Pediatric Radiation Oncology Program at Ohio State University and father of 5 year old twins, was arrested, 16 July 2013, on child pornography charges. He pleaded guilty, 15 November 2013 and was sentenced, 11 July 2014, to only one year in prison and five years of supervised release. He is a registered sex offender. Pelloski’s medical license was revoked in Ohio. He was trading in child rape on his university computer, including of a 7 year old girl forced to perform sex acts and a “girl no older than 12 being anally raped by an adult man.” Pelloski had been trading in child rape and torture for six years.

David H. Scanlan, a 38 year old pediatric oncologist fellow at Penn State Hershey’s Children’s Hospital, was investigated, July 2011, on child rape and torture distribution. In a deal, Scanlan pleaded guilty, 12 February 2014, to child porn distribution charges. He was sentenced, 2 September 2014, to five years in federal prison followed by 20 years supervised released. Police recovered two laptops and seven external hard drives with “a lot of child pornography images.” State Police said, “When I say a lot, we’re talking a very substantial amount” with children as young as ten years old. Scanlan surrendered his medical license. He had been free, pending sentencing, under electronic monitoring in his Virginia home.

Brad Robbert, an adjunct professor at Tulane University, was, arrested,

Brad Robbert

15 October 2014, on 50 child pornography charges. His court date was set for 3 August 2015, on 51 child porn counts which included children as young as five years old. He had been director of the Tulane University Shakespeare Festival from 2001 to 2009.

Elliott McGinnies, 94 year old emeritus psychology professor at American University was charged, 9 October 2015, for sex crimes against children. McGinnies was arrested in 1986 for sexual assault of a nine year old girl. He never spent a day in jail. Charges keep getting dropped by the prosecution. In 1990, American University’s president, Richard Berendzen called day cares, for over a year, seeking sex with children. He contacted Susan Eva Allen, a mother operating a day care whose husband was a detective with Fairfax County Police Department. Allen recorded more than 30 hours of calls.

WJLA 7 News 17 September 2015

Berendzen asked if “she and her husband included their children in sex.” He told her he masturbated while talking with her and offered to procure a child for her to use as a “sex slave.” He “described going to sex slave auctions in Chicago and Detroit,” bragged about his abuse of children, his child porn collection, a four year old girl “sex slave” and strapping his wife to a wheel. Berendzen’s calls to Susan Allen followed “a pattern.” Investigators “had been trying to identify the caller on the tape for a year.” From January to April 1990, alone, he called 10–15 other local day cares. He also admitted to calling “as many as 15 women.” Media reports noted other witnesses, including a retired South Carolina police officer, but no one, except for Susan Allen, came forward. The Washington Post reported at the time “charges were not brought in a second case.” Berendzen never spent a day in jail. He remained a professor at American University.

Alan Clyde More, a professor at George Mason University and a retired CIAofficer, was arrested and charged, 3 October 2014, with ten felony counts of

Alan Clyde More

child pornography possession. On 24 July 2015, he pleaded guilty to all 10 counts and was sentenced to 5 years in jail with 3 years and 8 months suspended followed by five years of supervised release. He is listed as a sex offender.

More had been trading in child sex abuse from university computers. George Mason, apparently, terminated his employment. More

George Mason University Police Response to a Freedom of Information Request

had taught Introduction to The Intelligence Community. He is the fourth faculty member at George Mason to be arrested on child pornography charges.

Diego Fasolini, a 42 year old Italian professor at George Mason University, was arrested, October 2010, on child pornography charges.

Diego Fasolini’s Criminal Complaint

Diego Fasolini

Faolini was a part-time professor at both George Mason and George Washington University. He was sentenced, 1 July 2011, to nearly four years in jail followed by five years of supervised release.

Fasolini was caught by George Washington University’s IT staff. At the time of his arrest he over 100,000 images/videos of child rape including children as young as three years old and young children duct-taped and bound.

Diego Fasolini’s Criminal Complaint

Fasolini was sued by the mother of one of the children whose father abused them and traded images/videos of their rape which Fasolini also traded.

Joshua Gessler, 41 year old attorney adjunct professor at George Mason

Joshua Gessler

University and attorney with Arnold and Porter, was arrested, 9 August 2010, on one count of producing child pornography and five counts of possession. Gessler purchased, for $300 dollars, a run-away 15 year old girl on-line, sexually abused her and produced videos/images of his abuse which he traded on-line. He was sentenced, May 2011, to three months in jail followed by two years of probation and is register as a sex offender. Virginia revoked his law license June 2011.

Ronald Sinacore, a 55 year old Associate Director of the Office of Equity and Diversity Services at George Mason University, was arrested, October 2004,

Ronald Sinacore

charged with one count each of child pornography possession and production. June 2005, he was found guilty of manufacturing child pornography, possessing child pornography and extortion. He was sentenced, 16 September 2005, to eight years in jail followed by six years of supervised release. Sinacore had been filming his own sexual abuse of young boys at home and in his campus office. He was caught when one of the teenage boys went to the police and said Sinacore threaten to use tapes to blackmail the child for money. He is a registered sex offender.

Joel Campbell, a 46 year old economics professor at University of Central Arkansas, was arrested, 2 April 2015, on 60 child porn charges. Campbell

Noel Campbell

was trading in child rape on campus and was arrested by campus police. He was placed on paid leave and banned from campus. Two weeks later he resigned. After his home was searched, he was charged with a total of 301 felony child porn charges. His next hearing is scheduled for 21 June 2017.

Gary Spring, a 61 year old professor and Chair of the Civil Engineering

Gary Spring

Department at Merrimack College, was arrested, 19 September 2014, and charged with one count child pornpossession. On 10 September 2015, he pleaded guilty to using his college computer to trade in child pornography. He was sentenced, January 2016, to two years in prison and five years of supervised release. Merrimack terminatedSpring’s employment within days of his arrest. He had been free on $30,000 bail pending sentencing. Spring had been using his university and home

Gary Spring’s Criminal Complaint

computers to trade in child sex abuse. During a 16 day period he accessed at least 300 imagesof child rape. He was caught when Merrimack information technology (IT) staff notified campus security of Spring’s crimes on campus. In addition to his role as a professor, Spring was an administrator for a residential children’s summer camp at Merrimack College.

Christopher Haynes, a 64 year old retired geography professor at Humboldt State University, was arrested, 29 August 2014, and charged with four child pornography counts. He was sentenced, 24 February 2015, to 90 days in jail and three years probation.

Christopher Haynes

Haynes pleaded guilty to one count of possessing child pornography. The other three charges were dismissed. Upon his arrest, Haynes possessed “thousands” of child sex abuse images/videos. He was caught when a local web-hosting company noticed child porn on their servers and contacted Homeland Security. His bail was set at $100,000 which he posted within hours and was free pending sentencing.

William Merrill, a 58 year old professor who specialized in internet censorship at Central Michigan University, was arrested, November 2012, and charged with four felony counts including possession of sexually abusive material, distributing/promoting child sexually abusive activity and using a computer to commit a crime. Merrill pleaded guilty to one count of

William Merrill

receiving child porn and prosecutors dropped the other charges. He was sentenced, 24 July 2013, to 5.8 years in jail. Upon his arrest, investigators found more than 6,000 images/videos of child sex abuse on Merrill’s university computer depicting extreme violence against children. In total, at home and work, Merrill had “more than 100,000 images and 1,600 videos involving bondage, bestiality and children in noticeable anguish.” Merrill was caught when university information technology staff noticed a large data download and triggered an investigation.

Micah Maurio, a 28 year old part-time music professor at the University of Southern Maine (USM), was arrested, 5 December 2014, and charged with dissemination of sexually explicit material of someone under the age of 12.

Micah Maurio

USM suspended Maurio, without pay, “pending a decision on his continued employment with the University of Southern Maine.” Upon his arrest he had “hundreds of images of child pornography.” Maurio was released on personal recognizance and was free pending sentencing. It is not clear what Maurio was sentenced to as the State of Maine has not released these public court records. Maurio is currently a registered sex offender.

There have been other reports of child sex abuse by University of Maine professors. In 2001, Senior Child Protection staffer Cynthia Wellman claimed University of Maine professors were sexually abusing children, along with Child Protection Staff, on campus. The State of Maine has refused to open a criminal investigation.

Bangor Daily News 10 January 2001

Larry Gene Peppers, a 67 year old retired sociology professor from Clemson University, was arrested, 12 February 2015, and charged with two felony

Larry Gene Peppers

counts of second-degree sexual exploitation of a minor and four felony counts of third-degree sexual exploitation of a minor. Peppers was sentenced, 2 March 2016, to 3 years probation. He was free pending sentencing on $60,000 surety bond. Peppers was trading in the rape and torture, PTHC, of children as young as eight years old. Peppers is listed as sex offender.

Larry Gene Peppers’s Indictment

Robert Joel Rice, a 58 year old war game developer at Army War College, was charged, April 2013, with 130 child porn counts. After many delays, Ricewas sentenced, 28 December 2016, to 12 years in federal prison, and 10 years of supervised released, concurrent with a four year prison sentence from a

Army War College Col. Robert Rice

military court-martial in October 2016. The Army War Collegecontinued to employ Rice and allowed him supervised access to Army computers pending sentencing. He was free on bail pending sentencing. At the time of his arrest, Rice had more than 30,000 images/videos of child sex abuse. His wife had discoveredthese and notified police.

Kirk Nesset, a 57 year old creative writing professor at Allegheny College

Kirk Nesset

was arrested and charged, 1 October 2014 with one count each of child porn distribution, receipt and possession.

Upon his arrest he had over 500,000 videos/images of child sex abuse and thirty folders with titles like “kidsfuck.” He was indicted, 14 October 2014, on all three counts. Nesset remained free on $10,000 bond pending sentencing. On 6 April 2015 he was scheduled to plea guilty and is currently serving 76 months, just over six years, in prison. He was caught by an undercover federal agent and

Kirk Nesset’s Criminal Complaint

Kirk Nesset’s Criminal Complaint

had been trading in child sex abuse since at least 2005.

Nesset resigned from Allegheny College, 2 October 2014. Allegheny College cancelled all classes and offered grief counseling.

Nesset is being sued by eight of the victims, depicted in the child rape he traded.

Travis Brown, a 45 year old assistant professor of graphic design at the University of Arkansas, was sentenced, 14 October 2014, to five years in jail on child porn charges. He was arrested 6 February 2014 and charged withfour counts of receipt of child pornography and one count of possession. Brown pleaded guilty to one count of receipt of child porn in exchange for all other charges dropped.

Travis Brown

Upon his arrest investigators found some 629 images of children, ages 10–12 years old, being sexually abused. The university terminated his employment on 10 February 2014. Brown’s investigation was triggered by a “tip” to the state police. Pending his sentencing, Brown was under house arrest, $5,000 signature bond, and his father’s custody.

Gary Farlow, a physics professor at Wright State University, was arrested and charged, 25 September 2014, with one count of child porn possession. On 22 December 2014, he pleaded guilty. Farlow was sentenced, 30 March 2015, to ten years supervised release. He was free on personal recognizance pending

Gary Farlow

sentencing. Farlow possessed in excess of 400 images of child sex abuse. Information technology staff discovered Farlow’s crimes on his university computer. Farlow was placed on paid suspension. He has not been employed with Wright State, since 2015, according to his LinkedIn profile. He is listed as a sex offender.

James Uphoff, a 76 year old retired early childhood education professor also from Wright State University, was arrested, August 2013, on child porn charges. In October 2013, Uphoff pleaded guilty to one count of child porn possession and was sentenced, 10 September 2014, to 1.2 years in federal prison. He had been trading in child sex abuse for at least a decade. While he was out on bail, pending sentencing, he was caught, again, with child porn. No new charges were brought.

James Uphoff

Upon his first arrest, investigators found 500 images and two videos of child sex abuse, including children in bondage, on Uphoff’s computers.

Uphoff was caught when he left child sex abuse images on a university printer/copier which was discovered and reported to university police. This triggered a search of Uphoff’s university computer and his home. Uphoff had cultivated a reputation as a leading expert on early childhood education. He also volunteered for the Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) of Montgomery County Juvenile Court and served as Ohio’s Education Association Union President and president of the Oakwood School Board.

Richard Pokryfka, a 70 year old professor emeritus at The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina, was arrested, 12 June 2013, and charged with

Richard Pokryfka

three counts of second-degree sexual exploitation of a minor and one count third-degree child exploitation. Pokryfka had been trading in child sex abuse images/videos of children between the ages of 5 and 10 years old. He was caught when he sent an undercover Homeland Security agent child sex abuse images. Originally held on $100,000 bond, he was indicated on 13 August 2013 on two counts of distribution and possession of child pornography. In a deal, Pokryfka pleaded guilty to one count of child porn possession on 24 November 2014.

Frank Lombard, 43 year old Associate Director of Duke University’s Center for Health Policy, was arrested, 24 June 2009, and charged on child sex abuse related charges. On 17 December 2009 he pleaded guilty to sexual exploitation of a minor and was sentenced, 29 March 2010, to just over 27 years in federal prison.

Frank Lombard

Lombard had been drugging, raping and offering for rape his five year adopted son since the child was an infant. He also live-streamed the infant rape. An informant told investigators he witnessed “Lombard molesting an African-American child on four occasions over an Internet video chat.” Lombard had adopted two African-American children that he sexually abused. His internet profile “stated he was interested in “perv fam fun.” Lombard was caught when he invited Washington DC undercover Detective Timothy Palchak to fly to North Carolina and “have sex with” his 5 year old adopted son. Lombard told the undercover investigator that “he had himself molested his child, whom he adopted as an infant, and that he had allowed others to molest his child.” He said “the abuse of the child was easier when the child was too young to talkor know what was happening” and “he drugged the child with Benadryl during the molestation.” Upon his arrest, Duke University placed Lombard on unpaid leave and terminated his employment in July 2009. Lombard had been employed at Duke since 1999. Both children were taken into protective custody.

Lawrence Scott Ward, 63 year old now former professor emeritus and Chair of the Marketing Department at Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania, was arrested, 27 August 2006, for child porn production and distribution.

Lawrence Scott Ward

On 17 May 2007, Ward pleaded guilty, in Virginia, to producing child pornography for importation into the US and was sentenced to fifteen years in prison. On 17 November 2008, in Pennsylvania, Ward pleaded guilty to four counts of child pornography and sexual misconduct and one count of making false statements to a federal official and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Ward was “an esteemed Ivy League professor,” wealthy Fortune 500 consultant and founder of a nonprofit youth outreach program for at-risk youths. He was earning “five-figure paychecks for as little as two days’ work,” drove expensive cars and had homes in Hawaii and Cape Cod. He had been abusing children for decades before he was caught, and finally imprisoned, by a US Immigration and Customs Enforcement Inspector at Dulles International Airport. In 1993 Ward had been charged with child sex abuse including “molesting a 13-year-old there as often as 100 times” but after two highly publicized trials, he was only given probation. The University of Pennsylvania allowed him to remain employed as a professor and he continued to sexually abuse children until his 2006 arrest.

Antonio Lasaga, 52 year old geology professor at Yale University, was arrested, 19 December 1998, on charges of sexual assault and child porn possession. He remained free on $50,000 bond until his sentencing, on 15 February 2002, to 15 years in federal prison for two child pornography charges and later sentenced to a concurrent 20 years in state prison for child sex abuse charges.

Antonio Lasaga’s Appeal

Lasaga possessed over 150,000 videos/images of “sexual torture of children” on his Yale and home computers. Prosecutors said the images/videos “can only be described as horrific.’’

Antonio Lasaga’s Appeal

Among these were videos of Lasaga repeatedly raping a 7 year old boy, often on Yale’s campus.

Hartford Courant 20 May 2000

In 1991 Lasaga volunteered with New Haven, Connecticut’s Board of Education to mentor disadvantaged youth. He sexually abused the child he “mentored” and produced child porn of the abuse over a five year period.

Antonio Lasaga’s Appeal

Prior to this arrest, there were at least four reports of Lasaga molesting young children at swimming pools. In 1981, when Lasaga was a professor at Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), he had been charged by Penn State College police with inappropriately touching two boys, 9 and 11 years old at a local pool. The charges were dropped. Shortly after this incident Lasaga left his position as a professor at Penn State, where he had been since 1977, and moved to Yale University’s Department of Geology and Geophysics.

Antonio Lasaga

In 1986 Lasaga was accused of touching children at a YMCA pool in Hamden, Connecticut. Five years later, at the same pool, another parent complained Lasaga had molested her son. On 23 October 1998, a Yale graduate student notified Yale staff that Lasaga was downloading child sex abuse images/videos on Yale computers. Yale campus police were notified and they, in turn, contacted the FBI. A search warrant was issued and Lasaga’s child sex abuse collection was seized. Despite his crimes, Yale University retained Lasaga, apparently on full salary, for nearly three years after his 1998 arrest until March 2001 when Lasaga’s tenure was finally revoked and his employment at Yale was terminated.

Beei Huan Chao, a 61 year old engineering professor at University of Hawaii,

Beei Huan Chao

was arrested, 3 August 2016, on charges of charges of possessing and transporting child pornography. Chao was trading in PTHC, pre-teen hard core, which is the brutal rape and torture of small children.

Beei Haun Chao’s Criminal Complaint

On 4 August 2016, he pleaded not guilt to the federal charges and has been free on $50,000 bond in the custody of his wife. The university placed him on paid leave. His university profile is still live. His pre-trial hearing is currently set for 24 April 2017.

This is, at least, the second arrest of a University of Hawaii professor on child sexual exploitation charges.

David Stegenga, a 64 year old University of Hawaii math professor, was

David Stegenga

arrested on campus, September 2009, on child sexual exploitation charges. Stegenga pleaded guilty, 18 February 2011, to 12 counts of sexual assault. He had been raping a 7 year old girl over a six year period. He was sentenced to five years probation with no jail time. Local discussion boardshad posts expressing concern that he was not sentenced to jail. Stegenga was a neighbor and family friend of the child he sexually abused for years. He “used his finger and mouth to sexually assault her, and also allegedly fondled her using his hands and mouth” several times a week. His university website is still live. He is listed as a sex offender.

Yaron Segal, now deceased, was a 30 year old post-doctoral researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), when he was arrested, 28 March 2012, and charged with two charges of traveling to engage in sex with minors and one charge of using the mail to persuade, induce, entice and coerce a minor to have sex. Segal was being held without bail awaiting sentencing when he was found dead, of an apparent suicide, in prison on 13 April 2012. Subsequently, all charges were dropped.

Yaron Segal

Segal had met, in an on-line chat room, a mother offering her 12 and 16 year old daughters for sex. The mother was an undercover agent.

Segal sent the undercover agent links to “a strap-on dildo and vibrator and indicated the children he wanted to buy them for.” In a phone conversation with “the mother” Segal said he was bringing “a dildo, small vibrator for the youngest child.Department of Homeland Security agents arrested Segal when he landed in Colorado thinking he was meeting the mother who had offered her children for sex abuse.

Yaron Segal’s Criminal Complaint

Segal was using chat rooms called “child slave sex” and “child rape torture brutality.” His email handle was

Segal received his Ph.D. from Yale University in applied physics in 2011. MIT Assistant Professor Tonio Buonassisi said, to MIT’s News Office, Segal was “well-respected among his peers as a brilliant, creative, and dedicated scientist.”

Taj Mahon-Haft, a 34 year old assistant professor in criminal justice at Radford University, was arrested twice in March 2013 on child porn related charges. He used his university computer to trade in child sex abuse images/videos.

Taj Mahon-Haft

Mahon-Haft pleaded guilty to 50 counts of child pornography possession and, in a deal, another 50 counts of child porn possession, nine counts of production of child porn and one count of assaulting a police officer were dropped. He was sentenced, 19 December 2013, to 100 years in prison with 85 years suspended resulting in a 15 years prison sentence and is now a registered sex offender. He had been released on $10,000 bond after his firsttwo arrests but with his third arrest he was held without bond. Mahon-Haft had continued to download child porn while he was on bond for the pending the other charges. He had been first arrested for drug possession. Investigators had seized his home computer during the drug investigation and discovered some 10,000 child sex abuse images/videos, including of his own ten year son who lives in Washington State with Mahon-Haft’s former wife and the child’s mother. Mahon-Haft was engaged to an assistant professor of photography at Radford University, Leah Gose, at the time of his arrest. She has since left Radford University and is now a professor at Kendall College of Art and Design of Ferris State University. Mahon-Haft was an instructor at Washington State University (WSU) before joining Radford University.

Neil Mason Williams, a 60 year old University of Kentucky professor who was Associate Director of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, was arrested, 5 March 2014, and charged with child possession. He pleaded guilty and was

Neil Mason Williams

sentenced, 11 March 2015, to more than five years in federal prison. Williams was trading in child sex abuse on his university computer. He had downloaded“thousands” of child sex abuse images/videos. Williams had been employed with the university since 1987. Upon his arrest, the university suspended him with pay. Williams, and his wife Deborah who also works at the University of Kentucky, had been honored by Mississippi State University Alumni Association. Williams had been released to the custody of his wife pending trial.

Donald Ratcliff, a 61 year old Christian education professor who specialized in child psychology at Wheaton College in Illinois, was arrested, 1 March 2012, and pleaded guilty, 5 August 2013, to one count of child pornography. An additional nine felony counts, including six of aggravated child pornography, were dropped. He was sentenced, 26 February 2014, to 3.5 years in prison.

Donald Ratcliff

Upon his arrest, Ratcliff had at least 500 images/videos of child sex abuse and rape, including images/videos of children as young as three years old. He told investigators he watched these and masturbated. He saw his criminal behavior as “moral” and claimed “research in Europe determined viewing such images was a way to avoid becoming a pedophile.” Upon his arrest he was held in custody on $750,000. His wife issued a statement saying “My children and I have felt strongly from the moment of Don’s arrest that he needs to remain in the DuPage County Jail.We have not nor will we assist in any fashion in his release.” Ratcliff’s bail was later reduced to $300,000 and he remained free on bail pending his sentencing. Upon his arrest Wheaton College placed Ratcliff on administrative leave and, two weeks later, terminated Ratcliff’s employment. Wheaton College is a Christian institution and the alma mater of evangelist Billy Graham. Ratcliff had been a professor at Wheaton since 2006 and was the author of ten books on children’s spirituality. His wife filed for divorce.

In 2016 another Wheaton College employee, Benjamin Felker, was arrested on child pornography charges. His case is detailed in the Staff Section.

Joseph Benz, a 52 year old award-winning psychology professor at the University of Nebraska, was arrested, 22 May 2013, and charged, at the state

Joseph Benz

level, with three counts each of child porn possession and distribution. His state charges were dismissed on 7 October 2013 and he was indicted, 25 September 2013, at the federal level on two counts of receiving and distributing child pornography. Upon his arrest, Benz possessed more than 20,000 images/videos of child sex abuse. His federal trial data is currently set for 27 April 2015. Benz has been free on $10,000 bail since his arrest. Elements of Benz’s case have been sealed by the court.

The university placed him on paid administrative leave, 27 June 2013, relieved of his teaching duties and ordered not to have contact with students. He had been developing a distance-learning course using a university IPad for the University during this paid administrative leave. Benz had been active with the Boy Scouts. Two days after his arrest, the Boys Scouts of America suspended Benz and permanently removed him from all current and future association. His membership and all of his privileges were revoked and he was placed on the Boy Scouts’ ineligible volunteer list.

Matthew Irwin, a 47 year old professor at Texas A&M University-Galveston, was arrested, August 2015, and charged on child pornography counts.

Matthew Irwin

At the time of his arrest, he had more than 4,000 videos/imagesof child rape and torture. Irwin was sentenced, June 2016, to eight years in federal prison on one count each of child porn receipt and possession followed by ten years of supervised release.

Walter Lee Williams, a 66 year old professor of Anthropology, History, and Gender Studies, at the University of Southern California, was arrested, June 2013, and charged with the sexual exploitation of children and child porn possession and production.

Walter Lee Williams

Williams pleaded guilty, September 2014, to one federal count of engaging in illicit sexual contact in foreign places. He was sentenced, December 2014, to five years in federal prison. Williams had also been traveling to the Philippines to engage in sex abuse of children and produce child porn. He was a member of the Buddhist Universal Association. He has published ten books and taught American Indian Studies.

Grant Smith, a 50 year old professor of material science and engineering at University of Utah, was arrested, November 2011, on child porn charges. Images included the sex abuse of girls between five and ten years old. Prosecutors said “these were explicitly sexual and extremely disturbing.”

Grant Smith

Grant was sentenced, April 2013, to five years probation with no jail time. He was caught watching child porn in first class on a cross-country flight. The university placed him on administrative leave upon his arrest. He later resignedon 31 January 2012.

Vance Fulkerson, a 63 year old theater professor at the University of Northern Colorado, was arrested, July 2009, on charges of sexually exploiting children and unlawful sexual contact. Upon his arrest, investigators seized some 150 DVDs of child sex abuse from Fulkeron’s home. In a deal, 16 counts, including six felony counts of sexual exploitation and nine misdemeanors, were dropped. Fulkerson was sentenced, March 2010, to four years in prison.

Vance Fulkerson

Fulkerson had hidden a camera in his bathroom, which a former student discovered and reported. He possessed child sex abuse images of boys as young as five years old.

Students and alumni “expressed outrage when Fulkerson received only a four-year prison sentence. He faced a maximum of 12 years in jail.” He was released in 2013 and is a registered sex offender. Fulkerson resigned, upon his arrest, after 18 years with the university. The university had granted Fulkerson tenure despite a long history of reports by students of sexually in appropriate behavior.

Kevin Fuller, a 43 year old microbiology professor at Columbia College, was arrested, 19 November 2009, on charges of child porn possession and distribution which included the violent abuse of infants.

Kevin Fuller

Fuller pleaded guilty and was sentenced, 9 February 2011, to six years in prison and a life-time of supervised release. He had been using his college computer and email to trade in child sex abuse.

“Six Years for Kevin Fuller,” 11 February 2011 by Samuel Charles The Columbia Chronicle

At the time of his arrest, Fuller had more than 300 pictures of child sex abuse on his computer. Prosecutors said the images were “some of the worst images we’ve ever seen” and included “images of extreme violence.”

Kevin Fuller’s Criminal Complaint

Fuller’s doctorate is from the University of Chicago, 1994, in molecular genetics and cell biology and he had been chair of the Columbia College Council.

Faiz Al-Khayyal, a professor at Georgia Institute of Technology, was arrested, August 2009, and convicted, 6 February 2014, on 76 counts of sexual exploitation of children and he was indicted on 201 counts of sexual exploitation of children. Despite this conviction and 201 count indictment, Al-Khayyal was only sentenced, 30 June 2014, to 10 years probation with no jail time. He is a registered sex offender.

Faiz Al-Khayyal

Al-Khayyal was caught, 5 August 2009, at the airport with child sex abuse on his laptop upon his return to Georgia, after a trip to China. He had been trading in sex abuse and rape of children on his university computer.

University authorities, originally, discovered child sex abuse images/videos on his work computer and contacted Georgia’s Attorney General who notified law enforcement. His bond had been set at $250,000 which he posted in three days and was free pending sentencing. The university immediately suspended Al-Khayyal without pay.

Benjamin Levin, 63 year old “celebrated professor” at University of Torontoand former Deputy Minister of Education in Canada, was arrested, July 2013, and charged with 61 counts of producing and distributing child porn. On 29 Mary 2015, he was sentenced to three years in jail. He was free, under “the supervision” of his wife pending sentencing.

Ben Levin from the Toronto Sun Files

Although Levin is Canadian, given his statue within the North American education communityand the scope of his crimes, his case must be mentioned. Levin pleaded guilty to three counts in exchange for having the other charges dropped. He said, in on-line chats, he was interested in “normalizing the subject of sexual touching of children.”

Levin said “he wished he had a son but he’d nonetheless sexually abused a couple of boys as well as his own girls.” Levin “hoped his daughters would ‘share’ their own children (his grandchildren) with him.” He “further expressed his desire to have sexual intercourse with the three kids his chat-pal pretended to have and then introduced the woman, in cyberspace, to another person who apparently had sexual interest in children and, once all nicely interconnected, they discussed the sexual abuse of kids.

Christie Blatchford: Child porn guilty plea caps Ontario scholar’s stunning fall from grace

Levin told one on-line mother, in reality an undercover investigator, he would “to “f — — all 3 (of her children) in front of you with your help … would they submit or would I need to tie them?”

Diane Ross, a 45 year old Chair of the English Department at Lake Forest College, was arrested, May 2000, and charged with three felony counts of dissemination of child pornography. She was indicted, July 2000, on 13 counts of sending child porn which included young girls and adults involved in sexual intercourse, oral sex and masturbation. Ross pleaded guilty and was sentenced, October 2000, to two years probation, with no jail time. Ross was caught when members of her “child porn ring” came under investigation in California. Ross received her undergraduate, graduate and doctoral degrees from Yale University. She is the mother of two children and was a local Girl Scout troop leader.

Edward Bryan Roberts, a 54 year old physics professor at Winona State University, was charged, 12 November 2014, with eight felony child pornography counts. He was using his university computer to trade in child rape and torture, aka child pornography. Investigators found at least 30 videos on Roberts’ computer that showed children, many of whom were determined to be between the ages of 4 and 7 years old and were forcibly engaged in various sexual acts with adult males.” It has been reported that Information technology staff discovered the child sex abuse image/videos in 2011, and some reports say this discovery was made in 2008, on Robert’s university computer and reported this to both university authorities and local law enforcement. It is not clear why it took local law enforcement years to charge Roberts. The university placed Roberts on paid administrative leave, banned him from the classroom and then did not renew his contract.

Gavin Swiatek, a 49 year old biochemistry instructor at Rutgers University,

New Jersey Attorney General Press Release

was arrested, 10 January 2012, and charged with distribution and possession of child pornography. He used his university computer to trade in child rape and torture. Swiatek pleaded guilty and was sentenced, 4 March 2013, to four years in prison.

Andrew Campbell, a 35 year old English professor at Wake Tech

Andrew Campbell

Community College, was arrested, April 2013, and charged with 12 counts of child exploitation for trade in child pornography. He was also a volunteer at Duke University’s Talent Identification Program, mentoring young children. His online handle was “Mr. Silk 77” and he was discovered by law enforcement on internet sites and others sites called jailbait and incest. He was originally held at the Wake County Detention Center on $900,000 bond pending sentencing. He was sentenced, 1 June 2014, to probation only. He is a registered sex offender.

Michael Sullivan, a 49 year old teaching assistant at Florida State University,

Michael Sullivan

was arrested, 27 September 2010, and charged with 46 child pornography counts. He was trading in the rape of infants and used the search term “bib-cam.” Sullivan said he had been trading in child rape for about two years and had at least 1,000 videos/images upon his arrest. He was a Ph.D. student in the English Department and a tutor in the Digital Studio. At least two other FSU employees have been arrested on child pornography charges. They are listed in the following Staff section.

Michael Stroup, a 52 year old economics professor and interim chair of the Economics Department at Stephen Austin State University, was arrested, 29 September 2015, on child pornography charges. Stroup was using university

Michael Stroup

computers and networks to trade in child rape and torture. He was caught when another employee reported “inappropriate photos” on shared department file.

Stroup had searched for “tween nude girls,” “tween girls off their bikinis” “pregnant girls under 16” and “pre puberty girls.” There were thousands of photos upon his arrest. Stroup was suspended with pay. His Ph.D. is from Florida State University. As of August 2016, the case was still open.


Adam Zydney, a 26 year old former instructor at the John Hopkins Center for Talented Youth (a summer program for K-12 grade children) and a Penn State graduate student in the math department, was arrested on 31 August 2015, on child sex abuse charges.

Adam Zydney

He faces 836 felony counts of child pornography possession. At the time of his arrest, Zydney had over 500 files of child sex abuse. He told investigators he had been trading in child sex abuse since he was a teenager.

Zydney is the son of school board member Laurel Zydney.He has been free on $15,000 unsecured bail since his arrest. There is no date set for sentencing because Zydney appealed to Superior Court, 26 August 2016, to dismiss all charges. Superior Court has not yet set a date for oral arguments.

Andre Rudolph Barbins, a 45 year old swimming coach at St. Mary’s College in Maryland, was arrested, 12 February 2016, and charged with one count

Andre Barbins

of sexual solicitation of a minor and one count of providing obscene material to a minor. On 7 November 2016, charges were placed on inactive docket pending a plea resolution.

Barbins was caught 19 October 2015, when the Knox County Sheriff’s Department in Illinois received a tip about the sexual exploitation of a child in Knox County. Barbins had been St. Mary’s head swim coach for 18 years. The college terminated his employment upon news of his arrest.

Dayton Cramer, a 70 year old Deputy General Counsel at Florida State University (FSU), was arrested, 14 February 2017, on charges of soliciting a

Dayton Cramer

minor for sex. Cramer was caught by undercover agents posing as a step-mother offering her 13 year old daughter for rape. When he arrived at the location, intending to sexually abuse a child, police arrested him.

FSU terminated Cramer immediately upon receiving his criminal complaint. Cramer also resigned during the process of his termination. He is a retired US Army colonel, with tours of duty at the Pentagon, and was previously the chief legal counsel for US Military Academy at West Point where he also had issues with sexual harassment and/or discrimination against female staff. Cramer is under house arrest pending his next hearing.

Dayton Cramer is, at least, the third arrest for child sexual exploitation/child pornography among FSU employees.

Jeffrey Davis

Several FSU students, Zhaozhao Shen and Jordan Steiner, have also been arrested. Jeffrey Davis, a 37 year old elective coordinator at Florida State University’s College of Medicine, was arrested, September 2013, on 29 counts of child pornography possession.

Jon Riveire, a 32 year old Assistant Director for Student Conduct in Office of

Jon Riveire

Student Ethics at Indiana University, was arrested, 12 May 2015, and charged with six felony child pornography counts. He pleaded guilty to one count, November 2016, in exchange for having the other charges dropped and was sentenced, 27 February 2017, to two and half years which appear he may spend under house arrest, serving no jail time. Riveire was trading in child rape, including of children aged three-five years old, on university computers and networks. He will be placed on the sex offender registry. Although he is prohibited from contact with children under 16 years old, the court provided an exception to his own two young children; one of whom is two years old. He will retain unsupervised access to his own children. Riverie was responsible for hearing cases of student misconduct in residence halls. The university terminated his employment upon his arrest.

Benjamin Felker, a 28 year old employee of Wheaton College in Illinois, was

Benjamin Felker

arrested, September 2016, and charged with four felony counts of possession of child pornography on his home computer. He was placed on unpaid leave and barred fro campus.

Dennis Rae Ledbetter, a 46 year old Auburn UniversityPublic Safety lieutenant who also taught women’s self-defense class, was arrested, 2 December 2016, on three counts of child porn possession.

Dennis Rae Ledbetter

At the time of his arrest, Ledbetter was caught having downloaded more than 800 child rape images on his university computer. He also had 7 thumb drives in his office with over, 5,500 images and 111 videos of child sex abuse.

The university placed Ledbetter on leave and he is currently free on $90,000 bond.

Paul Bradley Meagher

Paul Bradley Meagher, a 43 year old University of North Dakota campus police officer, was arrested, 4 November 2015, on ten felony child porn counts. All ten state charges were dropped in lieu of Meagher pleading guilty to three federal child pornography charges. On 6 February 2017, Meagher was sentenced to 10 years in prison followed by ten years of supervised release. At the time of his arrest Meagher had more than 100,000 images/videos of children being raped and torture including the rape of a four year old child. Meagher worked at the Grand Forks Juvenile Detention Center before his university employment.

Trevor Theron Long, a 29 year old South Florida State College information technology (IT) employee, was arrested, 12 May 2014, on 51 counts of child porn possession. His bond was set at $5,000 per count. He had been in custody since his May arrest.

Jay Meisel, Highlands Today, 24 March 2015

Trevor Theron Long

Long was re-arrested in jail, 19 February 2015, and charged with an additional 42 child porn counts bringing the total charges to one count of possession of obscene materials and 92 counts of transmission of obscene materials.

Long was trading in the rape and torture of children, aka child porn, that included “children, ages 4 to 10, either performing sex acts or having sex acts performed on them.”

South Florida State College terminated Long’s employment for violating college policy regarding use of campus technology. He had been using his South Florida State College computer to trade in child rape and torture.

David Linnehan, a 39 year old information technology (IT) staff at Springfield College, was arrested, 1 April 2013, and charged with 11 counts of

David Linnehan

child porn possession, 13 counts of unauthorized access to a computer system, eight counts of distributing material showing a child in the nude, two counts of posing a child in the nude and single counts of possessing a firearm without a firearm identification card, improper storage of a firearm and attempting to commit a crime. Linnehan was indicted, 16 January 2014, on 37 counts. He pleaded guilty, 3 February 2015, to more than 30 charges. Linnehan was free on $25,000 bailpending sentencing. He was sentenced, 24 February 2015, to 8–10 years in prison.

In addition to possessing more than one million videos/images of child sex abuse, Linnehan also illegally access student computers and email accounts and stole private photographs. Linnehan was caught when Amanda Lambert, a mother in California, was caught producing and distributing child sex abuse images/videos of her own children. Lambert pleaded guilty 6 October 2014 to sexual exploitation of a child and distributing child pornography and was sentenced to 22 years in federal prison. Linnehan had been trading child sex abuse images with Lambert, including those of Lambert’s own 4 and 6 year old daughters. Springfield College placed Linnehan on administrative leave on 2 April 2013, and terminated his employed on 5 April 2013. Linnehan is the father of a 4 year old boy.

Daniel Shaw, 47 year old information technology (IT) staff for Purdue University, was arrested, 23 September 2014, and charged with two felony counts of possession of child pornography and a felony count of child exploitation. He pleaded guilty, 27 January 2015, to child porn possession. He was set to be sentenced 7 April 2015.

Daniel Shaw

He had been trading in videos/images of children in “nude or in states of undress in sexually suggestive poses, engaged in sexual activity or being subjected to sadomasochistic sexual abuse.” He was released on $500 cash bond plus $5,000 surety. He had been employed at Purdue since 2009. The university said he had left his position, upon his arrest, for “personnel reasons.”

Steven Germinder, a 58 year old finance employee at University of Michigan, was arrested on child porn charges and indicted, 11 March 2015, on one count each of child porn distribution, receipt and possession.

Steven Germinder

Germinder was trading in child sex abuse, including bestiality, from his university computers. A university security officer alerted university police. Upon his arrest, investigators seized some 64 DVDs from his home. An initial forensic exam detailed 20,000 images “which represented only a small portion of the image files.” An estimated 3,000 were of child sex abuse. A 12 page long spreadsheet listed the child sex abuse he was trading. Germinder remained in custody pending trial. The university terminated his employment.

Jeffrey Shira, a 60 year old information technology (IT) employee with Ohio University, was arrested, 18 February 2015, and charged with ten counts of pandering obscenity involving a minor. Shira was held in Southeastern Ohio Regional Jail in lieu of $100,000 bond. Investigators seized a “large amount of child pornography” from his home. Shira was caught when he mistakenly left two flash drives containing child sex abuse images/videos in a donation he gave to a local church. Upon his arrest, Ohio University placed Shira on paid administrative leave.

Charles Hitlin, 42 year Head of Information Technology (IT) at

Charles & Amy Hitlin

University of North Carolinawas arrested, 18 February 2013, and charged with 47 counts of second-degree sexual exploitation of a minor. He had previously been arrested, 19 December 2012, and charged with two counts of second-degree sexual exploitation of a minor. In a deal, Hitlin pleaded guilty to nine counts of second degree sex exploitation of a minor and all other charges were dismissed. He was sentenced, 28 May 2014, to 15–27 months in prison all of which were suspended making his final sentence only 36 months probation. Hitlin is now a registered sex offender.

ampus Safety Magazine 18 November 2012

Hitlin was caught interacting, from his university computer, on a child sex abuse trading site ( with an undercover agent; Detective Mike Deaton who alerted university authorities. Hitlin also used his university email to distribute child sex abuse images.

Amy Hitlin, Charles’ wife, was a Senior Assistant Director of University Career Services for UNC’ School of Public Health. In the on-line chats with the undercover detective, apparently, Charles Hitlin pretended he was his wife and posed as “she” and “alluded to sexual acts and intercourse with minors,” said “liked to have sexual relations with 10 or more individuals at a time, including “neighbors and coworkers” and said “her” husband, who was an IT manager on campus, “watched the interactions.” “She” also said “sometimes the neighborhood kids would come over to have sex… a 15-year-old boy brought his 12-year-old brother.” His wife, Amy, was not charged in relation to this case.

Institutional Betrayal

Are universities and colleges “protecting the institution” and not children being trafficked, raped and tortured? Institutions that protect criminals are corrupt institutions. Protecting child rapists, and those who trade in the criminal enterprise of child rape, cripples institutions. It does not protect them. Ask the Catholic Church.

What Can You Do?

Do you want your children taught by a professor who masturbates to the rape and torture of very small children? Are you comfortable knowing tuition fees help fund these crimes because too many universities and colleges refuse to install software that could report to law enforcement attempts to trade in child pornography by their professors and staff?

Demand action. Request a meeting with the provost or president of the educational institution in your community, the university or college you attended, or the institution where your children are enrolled. Print out this article. Bring it to the meeting and ask if the educational institution has installed software, like NetClean, that reports to law enforcement attempts on their network to trafficked in children. If not, why not?

No more silence. No more “institutional” protection by universities and colleges for those who trade in child rape. No child pornography should ever be traded on university and college campuses. Demand an end to child pornography on university and college campuses.


Lori Handrahan, Ph.D.