Tag Archives: Cuba

U.S. Confronts ‘Troika of Tyranny’

Troika of Tyranny

The George W. Bush administration had its “Axis of Evil.” Now the Trump administration has coined the term “Troika of Tyranny” to describe the group of oppressive Latin American dictators it is pledging to confront. The administration is right to call out the crimes of the leaders of Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua. But it remains to be seen whether the White House can deliver a comprehensive strategy to go along with the rhetoric.

National security adviser John Bolton gave a speech Thursday afternoon at the Freedom Tower in Miami to a crowd filled with people who fled Cuba and Venezuela to escape the cruelty and oppression of the Castro and Maduro regimes. Linking those situations with the escalating repression of the Daniel Ortega government in Nicaragua, Bolton promised a new, comprehensive U.S. approach that will ramp up U.S. involvement in pushing back against what the administration sees as a leftist, anti-democratic resurgence in the region.

“This Troika of Tyranny, this triangle of terror stretching from Havana to Caracas to Managua, is the cause of immense human suffering, the impetus of enormous regional instability, and the genesis of a sordid cradle of communism in the Western Hemisphere,” Bolton said. “The United States looks forward to watching each corner of the triangle fall. . . . The Troika will crumble.”

It’s no coincidence that Bolton is in South Florida just days before the 2018 midterm elections. Rep. Carlos Curbelo (R-Fla.), the son of Cuban immigrants, is defending his seat in a district that favored Hillary Clinton in 2016 by 16 points. Former journalist Maria Elvira Salazar, also born to Cuban immigrant parents, is running as a Republican against Bill Clinton administration official Donna Shalala to replace Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.), who is retiring.

There’s also a neck-and-neck gubernatorial race between Tallahassee Mayor Andrew Gillum and Rep. Ron DeSantis (R-Fla.), and while Hispanics overall favor Gillum, Cuban Americans strongly favor DeSantis.

But administration sources insist this new Latin America policy is not just to get out the vote. Once the election is over, the White House is vowing to use all the tools of national power to raise the pressure on the leaders of these three governments, especially targeting their ability to corruptly enrich themselves.

Last year, President Trump signed a presidential memorandum (NSPM-5), titled, “Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba,” which set the broad outlines of what the larger campaign will prioritize. The policy aims not only to roll back the Obama administration’s efforts to normalize the U.S.-Cuba relationship but also to ramp up efforts to contain the regime and support those inside the country struggling for greater political, economic and religious freedom.

Experts said the test will be whether the Trump administration can maintain focus and follow through with real results after the U.S. midterm elections are over.

“It is true what they say that these are three regimes that are horrible and deserve to be treated as pariahs, but nothing has worked so far,” said former Venezuelan minister of industry and trade Moisés Naím, now a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “Cuba has been a challenging issue for every administration since the Bay of Pigs invasion and no American president has been able to solve that puzzle. So let’s see if they have come up with a new remedy, a new strategy, a new regional approach. Right now, we don’t know.”

So far, the Trump administration’s approach to Latin America has been ad hoc. Most recently, Trump has threatened to cut off U.S. aid to Honduras, a country that cooperates extensively with the United States, unless that government stopped a “caravan” of migrants heading toward the U.S. southern border. The Trump administration’s relationship with Mexico has been contentious because of Mexico’s refusal to pay for Trump’s border wall. Trump has floated the idea of using the U.S. military to invade Venezuela, which evoked fears of past U.S. intervention in the region.

But there are positive signs that there is opportunity for a reset. The United States and Mexico have come to a new trade agreement that the incoming Mexican president — not a natural Trump ally — seems to accept. Brazil’s new president-elect has a terrible record of past statements but is someone with whom Trump might be able to do business. If the United States led a true regional approach aimed at addressing the continent’s growing humanitarian crises, most Latin American countries might be persuaded to come on board.

Absent such an approach, the deteriorating situations in Venezuela and Nicaragua are likely to create more refugees, more mass migration, more regional economic strife and, as a result, more repression, suffering and instability. Bolton’s “Troika of Tyranny” label won’t solve anything by itself. But if it’s followed up with a real strategy, it could be the beginning of what’s needed to prevent Latin America’s failing states from dragging the rest of the hemisphere down with them.

By Josh Rogin

Good News Against Oppression – Mauricio Claver-Carone Joins National Security Council

Mauricio Claver-Carone

A new White House aide knows the Cuban role in destabilizing the region.

The crisis in Venezuela threatens to destabilize the Western Hemisphere but doing something about it requires addressing the support from Cuba that is keeping strongman Nicolás Maduro in power despite his overwhelming unpopularity. Ditto for Daniel Ortega, whose government has been killing fellow Nicaraguans.

One man who understands the Cuban role is Mauricio Claver-Carone, who will soon join the Trump White House as senior director of the National Security Council for Western Hemisphere Affairs. The media call Mr. Claver-Carone a “hard-liner” on Cuba and a staunch defender of the U.S. trade embargo, which is true.

But as the son of a Cuban exile, the 43-year-old Mr. Claver-Carone is also a Catholic University-educated lawyer who has spent years fighting for human rights in Cuba. As the editor of the blog Capitol Hill Cubans, he showed a sophisticated understanding of how Cuba uses intimidation and propaganda to attack democracy in the hemisphere. Mr. Claver-Carone has extensive experience working with other countries as a senior adviser for international affairs at the U.S. Treasury and acting U.S. executive director at the International Monetary Fund.

The world has stood by as more than 2.3 million Venezuelans suffering under socialist deprivation have been forced to flee their collapsing country. Mr. Claver-Carone’s arrival is a sign that the White House is serious about addressing the root cause of the problem.

WSJ

Mexico’s new president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador: An Economic and Social Disaster

Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador Castro

The Cuban Roots of Mexican Presidential Candidate Lopez Obrador

It is impossible to separate Cuba from the political essence of Mexican presidential candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador, often referred to as AMLO. In his 50s, he has only left Mexico twice: both times he went to Cuba

“López Obrador will be the person with the most moral and political authority in Mexico when the system collapses and, with him, the mafia of power,” Fidel Castro wrote before dying. “Commander Fidel is a social and political fighter of great dimensions,” said AMLO after the death of the Cuban dictator.

And the populist roots of AMLO come from Cuba, from Fidel’s political preceptor: Eduardo Chibás.

So just 130 miles from Cancun there have been no elections since 1947, thanks, precisely, to Chibas, one of the first populists of the continent and from whom AMLO takes his slogan of “Valiant Honesty.”

In 1945, with the motto “Shame versus money,” Chibás burst into Cuba’s democracy, the first in the continent to achieve the vote for women, eliminate racial segregation by law and establish the eight-hour workday, as well as benefits for the workers.

Populist and demagogue, Chibas fought against corruption and verbally assaulted his adversaries, riling up the crowds against institutions that had held seven free elections when, for example, in Mexico, there had been none.

The same institutions that had turned Cuba into one of the most prosperous countries in the world, and legalized the Communist Party, while 90 miles away in the United States, the party was persecuted and some of its members were fried in the electric chair by McCarthyism.

But the populist Chibas insisted on the need for a “fourth transformation” in Cuba, leading the crowds as a great sower of distrust and suspicion in the already thriving Cuban democracy of the 1940s.

The flamboyant discourse of Chibás destroyed the political class and Cuban democratic institutions forever. As a systematic sniper at the system, he psychologically prepared the Cuban people for the acceptance of the end of the democratic life that had been built since 1902.

Chibás committed suicide on August 5, 1951, shooting himself in the stomach on a live a radio program, because he could not present evidence of corruption against a minister. With the end of his life the political party he had created with friends and family to win the presidency also ended.

And Cuba fell into chaos: Batista’s coup on March 10, 1952, Fidel Castro’s dictatorship in 1959, political persecutions, purges, exiles…

Today, AMLO revives that Cuban movie from Chibás, with his idea of the “fourth transformation of Mexico.” And those “transformations” (let’s not forget) are always demagogic ways of naming different types of dictatorships.

by 

Thugs And Oppressors Hiding In The U.S. Why Are They Not Being Arrested?

Criminal In Plain Sight

For years, we have known more than just a few Castro regime State Security thugs have left Cuba and are now living in the U.S. In Cuba, these thugs harassed and violently assaulted dissidents and regular Cubans in the service of the apartheid Castro regime. But upon their arrival here in the U.S., they leave out any mention of their past activities as agents of the regime in their asylum applications and hope no one here recognizes them.

Occasionally, one or two are found out and they scurry into hiding like a cockroaches do when you turn on the lights. However, many of them have been living in the U.S. and even in Miami for years in complete anonymity with no one knowing about their sordid past and crimes against humanity.

Their days of hiding among their victims may be numbered, though. The Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba is working to expose these criminals hiding among us.

Nora Gamez Torres reports in The Miami Herald:

Exile group targets alleged human-rights abusers in Cuba living in South Florida

A Cuban exile group is forwarding complaints to federal authorities about alleged human-rights violators in Cuba who now live in the United States, with the goal of deporting people who participated in acts of violence and harassment on the island.

The idea behind the project is not to launch “a witch hunt” but “to change the focus of the victims” to those who are guilty of repression, and to give a response to those who have said they have seen people in South Florida who harassed or mistreated them in Cuba, Juan Antonio Blanco, director of the Foundation for Human Rights in Cuba, told el Nuevo Herald.

Blanco said he had given information about several cases to an investigations unit in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

Since it was created in 2004, ICE has deported more than 590 people who committed human-rights violations in other countries or who are suspected of having done so.

According to Blanco, members of the ICE unit “are willing to expand the range and take a look at these cases. It is not that they are going to investigate crimes committed in other countries, but they can review the immigration files of these people, who would not have been accepted into the country if they had told the truth.”

“People who have lied to the authorities have committed a federal crime,” which could end in jail sentences, fines or deportation, Blanco said.

During a press conference on Thursday, the group released the names of two alleged human-rights violators who now live in Tampa and Gainesville and who were identified by several people in affidavits in Mexico, Chile and the United States.

According to a copy of the affidavits obtained by el Nuevo Herald, one of the accused men was a police officer in Cárdenas, in the province of Matanzas, and allegedly sexually harassed one of the complainants and fabricated charges to imprison her.

Two other people accuse the same man of being “one of the most repressive officers of the mid-80s to the ’90s” and of carrying out “hundreds of arbitrary detentions, [and] beatings.”

by Alberto de la Cruz

Rosa María Payá: Meet An Extraordinary Woman

Rosa María Payá knows the evils of the Castro regime firsthand. They killed her father for opposing communism and promoting liberty in Cuba.

Oswaldo Payá was murdered by the Castro brothers because he dared to believe his country could be free from the grip of communism. Today, his daughter Rosa María tells the inspirational story of his fight against communism and wages her own battle to finally bring democracy to Cuba.

U.S. Southern Command warns congress of growing threat to national security by Cuba and Venezuela

USSOCOM

The media and “Cuba Experts” portray Cuba as friendly neighbor who just wants to get along with the U.S. In reality, the island’s terror-sponsoring dictatorship has been and continues to be a serious threat to U.S. national security.

Via the Center for a Free Cuba:

Southern Command alerts Congress to threats by Russia, China, Iran, Cuba and North Korea. American diplomats suffered brain injuries in Havana

  • Southern Command alerts Congress to threats by Russia, China, Iran, Cuba and North Korea.
  • American diplomats suffered brain injuries in Havana.

Earlier this week, Admiral Kurt W. Tidd, Commander, United States Southern Command testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee. The Admiral’s posture statement covered U.S. intelligence and security concerns for the hemisphere. In his appraisal he mentioned Russia’s increased role throughout the region, mentioning Moscow’s intelligence and cyber capabilities. The Admiral called attention to “Moscow attempts to falsely shape Latin America’s information environment through its two dedicated Spanish-language news and multi-media services, and through its influence campaigns to sway public sentiment. Expanded port and logistics access in Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela provide Russia with persistent, pernicious presence, including more frequent maritime intelligence collection and visible force projection in the Western Hemisphere.”

He alerted the Committee to the dangerous alliance between Caracas and Havana.  “This relationship is symbiotic, as Cuba receives oil and financial support in exchange for keeping the Maduro regime afloat,” he said.

For the full report visit the following link. Complete testimony available here.

BREAKING: The War Crimes Committed By Fidel Castro Against American POWs In Vietnam

fidel-castro-in-vietnam

By Pedro Roig at the Cuban Studies Institute:

The Cuban dictatorship that committed war crimes against American POWs in Vietnam happens to be the exact same Cuban dictatorship that so many people in the U.S. want to become friends with today. In the decades since Vietnam, the U.S. has had several new presidents and administrations, but in Cuba, nothing has changed; the dictatorship is still run by a Castro.

Fidel Castro’s crimes against American pilots (POWs) in Vietnam

Cuban officials, under diplomatic cover in Hanoi during the Vietnam War, brutally tortured and killed American POW’s whom they beat brutally in a submission program ordered by Fidel Castro and sanctioned by the North Vietnamese. [1] This was dubbed the “Cuban Program” by the Department of Defense and the CIA, and it involved 19 American Prisoners of War.

A Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) report states that “The objective of the interrogators was to obtain the total submission of the prisoners….” [2]

In April 1999, the story of Castro’s officers torturing American POW’s in Vietnam was published in a research book “Honor Bound” written by Stuart Rochester and Frederick Kiley. [3]  It explained that almost daily for one year, the man the POW’s called “Fidel” whipped them with strips cut from rubber tires until their buttocks hung in shreds.

The American POW’s gave their jail the name of “the Zoo” and their Cuban torturers the names “Fidel,” “Chico,” and “Pancho.”  The Vietnamese camp commander was given the name “the lump” because of a fatty tumor growth in the middle of his forehead.

In his book “Faith of my Father,” Senator John McCain, a pilot, shot down and taken prisoner in North Vietnam wrote: “In the Zoo, mass torture was a routine practice.  For a time, the camp personnel at the Zoo included an English-speaking Cuban, called “Fidel,” who delighted in breaking Americans, even when the task required him to torture his victims to death.”

The total submission behavior set by the Castro’s psychopaths included bowing to a Vietnamese guard, smoking cigarettes in front of other prisoners, or making tape-recorded statements to be published by the Communist propaganda media.   Since the beginning of the Revolution (January, 1959), Castro had an obsession with the techniques used in torturing critical prisoners of the underground groups in Cuba’s jails.

The American POW’s level of agony was a living hell.  The Castro agents placed the awaiting prisoners in cells next to the torture chamber, so they could hear the screams inflicted on the suffering prisoners.

Upon his return to the U.S. a debriefer quoted one POW as saying: “The anticipation of beatings became more of a threat than the actual beating.  Nervous to the point of loosening of bowels when they heard the key in the lock.” [4]

Colonel Earl Cobeil, a Navy F-105 pilot was the worst case recorded by debriefers in the “Cuban Program.”  “The sight of Cobeil walking back from the torture chamber was a horrible experience.  The man could barely walk; he shuffled slowly, painfully.  His clothes were torn to shreds.  He was bleeding everywhere, terribly swollen, dirty, black and purple from head to toe.  The man’s head was down: he made no attempt to look at anyone.  He had been through much more than the daily beatings.  His body was ripped and torn; slivers of bamboo were embedded in the bloodied shins and there were what appeared to be tread marks from the hose across the chest, back and legs.  “Fidel” smashed a fist into the man’s face, driving him against the wall.  Then he was brought to the center of the room and made to bend down on his knees. Screaming in rage, “Fidel” took a rubber hose from a guard and lashed it as hard as he could in the man’s face.  The prisoner did not react. He did not cry out or even blink.  Again and again, a dozen times the Cuban smashed the man’s face with the hose.”[5]

Col Earl Cobeil, a prisoner of war, was beaten in the “Cuba Program” to the point where he was completely catatonic, incapable of responding to any command.  He was listed as having died in Vietnam captivity. [6]

“Fidel” was over six feet tall, in his early 30s, muscular, ramrod-straight, with full command of English, with American slang and personal knowledge of many cities in the Southeastern United States from Miami to the Carolinas. [7] “Fidel” has been identified by some of the POW’s in the “Cuban Program” as Fernando Vecino Alegret.  Fernando Vecino Alegret lived in the United States for extensive periods of time, including Miami, and studied at the University of Alabama, until he joined the Castro’s guerrillas in 1958. Today, at 79-year-old, he is a retired brigadier general of the Cuban FAR, and veteran of Castro’s guerrillas.

The agonizing tortures inflicted by Cuban officers in Vietnam against American POWs’ is another criminal chapter in Fidel Castro’s obsessive hate of the United States.

Pedro Roig, Esq. is Executive Director at the Cuban Studies Institute.  He holds a Masters of Arts degree from University of Miami and a Juris Doctor Degree from St. Thomas University.  He has written several books including “The Death of a Dream: A History of Cuba” and “Marti: The Cuban Struggle for Freedom.”  He is a veteran of the Brigade 2506.

Notes:
[1] United States Air Force, June 1975, Special Exploitation Program for SEASIA PW’s, 1967-1968.  Ep. No. A10-2
[2] CIA memorandum From: Deputy Director of Operations. For Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, dated 28 Jan., Sub: Identification of “Fidel,” Cuban Interrogator of U.S. Prisoners of War in North Vietnam.
[3] “Honor Bound” Rochester, S.I. and F. Kiley l (1998).  The History of the American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973.  Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C. Historical Dept.
[4] Juan Tamayo, Miami Herald, August 22, 1999.
[5] Rochester and Kiley. “Honor Bound.”
[6] Hubble, J.B., 1976, P.O.W. Readers Digest Press.
[7] Hubbar, E. Orlando Sentinel, August 23, 1999.

 

SHAME! A Hypocritical Silence

Hypocrisy on Cuba

Latin American countries “deserve credit for their recent denunciations of what they bluntly refer to as Venezuela’s dictatorship,” says Andres Oppenheimer in the Miami Herald.

Which is why he can’t understand “why they don’t do the same thing with Cuba’s dictatorship. When it comes to Cuba, they all seem to look the other way,” even though it’s been “a hereditary dictatorship since 1959” and likely will remain so.

Even President Trump “has left intact most key aspects of former President Barack Obama’s opening to Cuba.” Indeed, “US trade and tourism to Cuba is flourishing under Trump.” Denouncing Venezuela “is the right thing to do. But ignoring Cuba’s abuses is morally wrong.”

Never Forget…The 164 Souls

Freedom Cuba

The victims of Ché Guevara

A list of Ché Guevara’s victims documented at cubaarchive.org (H/T Emanaciones):

Executed by Ché in the Sierra Maestra during the battle against Batista (1957-1958 )

1. Aristio-10-57
2.Manuel Capitán – 1957
3. Juan Chang – 9-57
4. “Bisco” Echevarría Martínez – 8-57
5. Eutimio Guerra – 2-18-57
6. Dionisio Lebrigio – 9-57
7. Juan Lebrigio – 9-57
8. El ” Negro ” Napoles– 2-18-57
9. “Chicho ” Osorio – 1-17-57
10. An unidentified teacher (“El Maestro”) – 9-57
11-12. Two brothers, spies from the group belonging to Masferrer -9-57
13-14 Two unidentified peasants -4-57

Executed or ordered to be executed by Che during his brief command in Santa Clara (1-3 of January, 1959).

1. Ramón Alba – 1-3-59**
2. José Barroso– 1-59
3. Joaquín Casillas Lumpuy – 1-2-59**
4. Félix Cruz – 1-1-59
5. Alejandro García Olayón – 1-31-59**
6. Héctor Mirabal – 1-59
7. J. Mirabal- 1-59
8. Felix Montano – 1-59
9. Cornelio Rojas – 1-7-59**
10. Vilalla – 1-59
11. Domingo Alvarez Martínez 1-4-59**
12. Cano del Prieto -1-7-59**
13. José Fernández Martínez-1-2-59**
14. José Grizel Segura-1-7-59** (Manacas)
15. Arturo Pérez Pérez-1-24-59**
16. Ricardo Rodríguez Pérez-1-11-59**
17. Francisco Rosell -1-11-59**
18. Ignacio Rosell Leyva -1-11-59**
19. Antonio Ruíz Beltrán -1-11-59**
20. Ramón Santos García-1-12-59**
21. Pedro SocarrásS-1-12-59**
22. Manuel Valdés – 1-59
23. Tace José Veláquez -12-59**
** Che signed the death warrant before leaving Santa Clara.

Documented executions that took place in “La Cabaña” prison while under the command of Ché (3 of January through the 26 of November, 1959).

1. Vilau Abreu – 7-3-59
2. Humberto Aguiar – 1959
3. Garmán Aguirre – 1959
4. Pelayo Alayón – 2-59
5. José Luis Alfaro Sierra – 7-1-59
6. Pedro Alfaro – 7-25-59
7. Mriano Alonso – 7-1-59
8. José Alvaro – 3-1-59
9. Alvaro Anguieira Suárez – 1-4-59
10. Aniella – 1959
11. Mario Ares Polo– 1-2-59
12. José Ramón Bacallao – 12-23-59**
13. Severino Barrios – 12-9-59**
14. Eugenio Bécquer – 9-29-59
15. Francisco Bécquer – 7-2-59
16. Ramón Biscet– 7-5-59
17. Roberto Calzadilla – 1959
18. Eufemio Cano – 4-59
19. Juan Capote Fiallo – 5-1-59
20. Antonio Carralero – 2-4-59
21. Gertrudis Castellanos – 5-7-59
22. José Castaño Quevedo – 3-6-59.
23. Raúl Castaño – 5-30-59
24. Eufemio Chala – 12-16-59**
25. José Chamace – 10-15-59
26. José Chamizo – 3-59
27. Raúl Clausell – 1-28-59
28. Angel Clausell – 1-18-59
29. Demetrio Clausell – 1-2-59
30. José Clausell-1-29-59
31. Eloy Contreras– 1-18-59
32. Alberto Corbo – 12-7-59**
33. Emilio Cruz Pérez – 12-7-59**
34. Orestes Cruz – 1959
35. Adalberto Cuevas – 7-2-59**
36. Cuni – 1959
37. Antonio de Beche – 1-5-59
38. Mateo Delgado-12-4-59
39. Armando Delgado – 1-29-59
40. Ramón Despaigne – 1959
41. José Díaz Cabezas 7-30-59
42. Fidel Díaz Marquina – 4-9-59
43. Antonio Duarte – 7-2-59
44. Ramón Fernández Ojeda – 5-29-59
45. Rudy Fernández – 7-30-59
46. Ferrán Alfonso – 1-12-59
47. Salvador Ferrero – 6-29-59
48. Victor Figueredo – 1-59
49. Eduardo Forte – 3-20-59
50. Ugarde Galán – 1959
51. Rafael García Muñiz – 1-20-59
52. Adalberto García 6-6-59
53. Alberto García – 6-6-59
54. Jacinto García – 9-8-59
55. Evelio Gaspar – 12-4-59**
56. Armada Gil y Diez y Diez Cabezas- 12-4-59**
57. José González Malagón – 7-2-59
58. Evaristo Benerio González – 11-14-59
59. Ezequiel González-59
60. Secundino González – 1959
61. Ricardo Luis Grao – 2-3-59
62. Ricardo José Grau – 7-59
63. Oscar Guerra – 3-9-59
64. Julián Hernádez -2-9-59
65. Francisco Hernández Leyva – 4-15-59
66. Antonio Hernández – 2-14-59
67. Gerardo Hernández – 7-26-59
68. Olegario Hernández – 4-23-59
69. Secundino Hernández – 1-59
70. Rodolfo Hernández Falcón – 1-9-59
71. Raúl Herrera -2-18-59
72. Jesús Insua-7-30-59
73. Enrique Izquierdo- 7-3—59
74. Silvino Junco – 11-15-59
75. Enrique La Rosa- 1959
76. Bonifacio Lasaparla- 1959
77. Jesús Lazo Otaño -1959
78. Ariel Lima Lago – 8-1-59- (Menor)
79. René López Vidal -7-3-59
80. Armando Mas – 2-17-59
81. Ornelio Mata- 1-30-59
82. Evelio Mata Rodriguez- 2-8-59
83. Elpidio Mederos -1-9-59
84. José Medina -5-17-59
85. José Mesa 7-23-59
86. Fidel Mesquía Díaz 7-11-59
87. Juan Manuel Milián – 1959
88. Jose Milián Pérez – 4-3-59
89. Francisco Mirabal – 5-29-59
90. Luis Mirabal – 1959
91. Ernesto Morales – 1959
92. Pedro Morejón – 3-59
93. Carlos Muñoz M.D.- 1959
94. César Nicolardes Rojas- 1-7-59
95. Víctor Nicolardes Rojas- 1-7-59
96. José Nuñez – 3-59
97. Viterbo O’Reilly – 2-27-59
98. Félix Oviedo – 7-21-59
99. Manuel Paneque – 8-16-59
100. Pedro Pedroso – 12-1-59**
101. Diego Pérez Cuesta – 1959
102. Juan Pérez Hernández – 5-29-59
103. Diego Pérez Crela – 4-3-59
104. José Pozo – 1-59
105. Emilio Puebla – 4-30-59
106. Alfredo Pupo – 5-29-59
107. Secundino Ramírez – 4-2-59
108. Ramón Ramos – 4-23-59
109. Pablo Ravelo Jr. – 9-15-59
110. Rubén Rey Alberola – 2-27-59
111. Mario Risquelme – 1-29-59
112. Fernando Rivera – 10-8-59
113. Pablo Rivero- 5-59
114. Manuel Rodríguez – 3-1-59
115. Marcos Rodríguez -7-31-59
116. Nemesio Rodríguez – 7-30-59
117. Pablo Rodriguez – 10-1-59
118. Ricardo Rodriguez – 5-29-59
119. Olegario Rodriguez Fernández-4-23-59
120. José Saldara – 11-9-59
121. Pedro Santana – 2-59
122. Sergio Sierra – 1-9-59
123. Juan Silva – 8-59
124. Fausto Silva – 1-29-59
125. Elpidio Soler- 11-8-59
126. Jseús Sosa Blanco – 2-8-59
127. Renato Sosa- 6-28-59
128. Sergio Sosa – 8-20-59
129. Pedro Soto – 3-20-59
130. Oscar Suárez – 4-30-59
131. Rafael Tarrago – 2-18-59
132. Teodoro Tellez Cisneros- 1-3-59
133. Francisco Tellez-1-3-59
134. José Tin- 1-12-59
135. Francisco Travieso -1959
136. Leonrardo Trujillo – 2-27-59
137. Trujillo – 1959
138. Lupe Valdéz Barbosa – 3-22-59
139. Marcelino Valdéz – 7-21-59
140. Antonio Valentín – 3-22-59
141. Manuel Vázquez-3-22-59
142. Sergio Vázquez-5-29-59
143. Verdecia – 1959
144. Dámaso Zayas -7-23-59
145. José Alvarado -4-22-59
146. Leonoardo Baró- 1-12-59
147. Raúl Concepción Lima – 1959
148. Eladio Caro – 1-4-59
149. Carpintor – 1959
150. Carlos Corvo Martíenz – 1959
151. Juan Guillermo Cossío – 1959
152. Corporal Ortega – 7-11-59
153. Juan Manuel Prieto – 1959
154. Antonio Valdéz Mena – 5-11-59
155. Esteban Lastra – 1-59
156. Juan Felipe Cruz Serafín-6-59**
157. Bonifacio Grasso – 7-59
158. Feliciano Almenares – 12-8-59
159. Antonio Blanco Navarro – 12-10-59**
160. Albeto Carola – 6-5-59
161. Evaristo Guerra- 2-8-59
162. Cristobal Martínez – 1-16-59
163. Pedro Rodríguez – 1-10-59
164. Francisco Trujillo- 2-18-59

What Should POTUS Do With Cuba? Let’s Start With This List Of Cop Killers

Cop Killers Cuba

Here are some of the most notorious Americans who have been reported as possibly hiding in the island nation just 90 miles off the coast.

1.     Joanne Chesimard

Joanne Chesimard has been living in Cuba under the name Assata Shakur since 1984. She was a member of the Black Liberation Army in 1973 when she shot and killed Trooper Werner Foerster during a traffic stop. She was convicted in 1977 and escaped prison two years later.

Chesimard, who is became the first woman on the FBI’s Most Wanted list last year, hid in a series of safe houses in New Jersey and Pennsylvania before fleeing to Cuba. Anyone who helps bring Chesimard, now 66, into custody stands to get $2 million in rewards, according to the FBI.

2. Guillermo Morales

A bomb maker who fought for Puerto Rican independence is one of the American fugitives who has been living in Havana.

Guillermo “William” Morales was sentenced to 99 years in prison after being linked to two explosions in New York City — one in 1975 that killed four and injured 60, and a second in 1977 that killed one, The New York Post reported.

Morales escaped from the prison ward of Bellevue Hospital in 1979 and, though he was reportedly held in a Mexican prison for several years in relation to a different crime, he fled to Cuba after his release in 1988.

“The U.S. press looks at me one way, but the press in Puerto Rico looks at me in a positive way because I’m a person that defends their homeland,” he told The Post in 1999.

4. Charlie Hill

Like Chesimard, who was publicly praised by Fidel Castro, not all of the fugitives are trying to hide their whereabouts.

Charlie Hill is wanted by New Mexico officials after he allegedly killed a state trooper and hijacked a plane in 1971.

Hill, a native of Illinois, spoke to The New York Times in 2007 and discussed what he thought would happen to him if his longtime protector, Castro, died.

“I don’t think there will be much change if Fidel dies,” Hill told The Times in 2007. “There might be, but I think it’s 60-40 that not much will happen. If it does, well, what can I do?”

5. Nehanda Abiodun.

She’s been living in Cuba since 1990. U.S. law enforcement believes she helped Shakur, who was convicted in the killing of a New Jersey state trooper, to escape from prison in 1979.

Abiodun is often called the “godmother” of Cuban hip-hop, Latner says, She became an adviser for Cuban youth who were becoming hip-hop artists. She has served as a bridge between Afro-Cuban and American hip-hop artists.

6. William Lee Brent.

Brent, a Black Panther Party member who had been excommunicated, hijacked TWA flight 154 from Oakland to Havana in 1969. He was imprisoned in Cuba for 22 months as a suspected spy, but upon his release he went on to work at a pig farm and a soap factory before getting a bachelor of arts degree from the University of Havana. He died in Cuba in 2006.

7. Guillermo Morales.

A member of a militant Puerto Rican separatist movement, Morales escaped from a hospital in New York while under police custody. He has admitted he was planting a bomb at a New York military installation when the bomb blew up, taking nearly all his fingers. He was facing 89 years in prison when he escaped. He is still believed to be living in Cuba.

8. William Potts.

One of the last hijackers and another Black Panther Party militant, Potts became known somewhat mockingly as “the homesick hijacker.” Potts diverted a commercial flight from New York City to Cuba in 1984, hoping to go on to South Africa to join the anti-apartheid movement. He was imprisoned for 13 years and then lived as a political exile.  In 2013, he returned to the United States and earlier this year pleaded guilty to kidnapping. He is now in prison and eligible for parole in 2021.